I. Celtic Counties of Texas

Anderson

Named for a Vice President of the Republic of Texas, Kenneth Anderson. His family was Scottish.

Bell

Named for Governor Peter H. Bell, who had both Irish and Scottish forbears.

Brooks

Named for Texas Ranger James A. Brooks whose mother was Mary Jane Kerr, of Scottish ancestry.

Buchanan

Named after the President of the United States, James Buchanan whose father, James Buchanan, was born in County Donegal, Ireland.

This is now Stephens County.

Burnet

Named for David G. Burnet, the Interim President of Texas. Burnet was of Irish ancestry.

Calhoun

Named for John C. Calhoun, U. S. Vice President, Secretary of State, and U. S. Senator. Calhoun's father, Patrick, was born in Ireland.

Callahan

Named for Texas Ranger James Hughes Callahan, of Irish ancestry.

Cameron

Named for Ewen Cameron, a native of Scotland and a Texas Ranger.

Campbell

Named for Governor Thomas Campbell of Scottish ancestry.

Carson

Named to honor Samuel Price Carson, a Secretary of State of the Republic of Texas. Carson was of Irish ancestry.

Cass

Named for U. S. Senator Lewis Cass. Who helped in the annexation of Texas by the United States. Senator Cass had Irish among his ancestors.

Chambers

Thomas Jefferson Chambers, a Texas pioneer, is the namesake of Chambers County. Sources differ on his ancestry. Some show him to be Celtic, and others English.

Childress

Named for the author of the Texas Declaration of Independence, George Campbell Childress, who was of both Irish and Scottish ancestry.

Cochran

Robert Cochran one of the martyrs at the Alamo is this county's namesake. He was of Irish ancestry.

Collin

Named for Indian fighter Collin McKinney who also helped write and was a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. McKinney was of Scottish ancestry.

Collinsworth

Though mis-spelled, this county was named for James Collingsworth the first Chief Justice of Texas. He was of Irish ancestry.

Cooke

Named for William G. Cooke, whose mother and father were born in Ireland. Cooke was an important military man in Texas' early history.

Crane

Named for William Carey Crane, a president of Baylor University. He was of Irish and Scottish ancestry. His mother was a Campbell.

Crockett

David Crockett of Tennessee who came to die in the Alamo, is the origin if the county name. His ancestry was both Irish and Scottish.

Dallas

Most historians agree this county is named for Mifflin Dallas, a Vice President of the United States. His father was born in Scotland. The uncertainty is because there is no documentation extant.

Davis

Named for Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America, in 1861. Texas' Reconstruction government renamed it Cass County in 1871. The name was retsored later. Davis was of Welsh ancestry.

Dimmitt

Named for Phillip Dimmitt the commander of Goliad in 1835. Dimmitt was of Scottish and Hugenot ancestry.

Donley

Named for Stockton P. Donley. Donley is an Irish name.

Duval

Named for Burr H. Duval whose mother was Nancy Hynes of Irish ancestry.

Eastland

Named for William Mosby Eastland, Eastland was his stepfather's name, his father was from a Butler family of Irish heritage.

Ector

Named for Matthew Duncan Ector. His grandfather, Patrick Ector was born in Ireland.

Edwards

Named for the empresario, Hayden Edwards. There is little evidence of the family's ethnic origin. The name is almost always of Welsh origin.

Ellis

Named for Richard Ellis, President of the Convention forming the Republic of Texas. Ellis is an Irish name.

Fannin

Named for James W. Fannin whose father was Irish.

Foley

This county is no longer in existence, the area is now a part of Brewster County. There is no record of who it honored when it was created in 1887. It was probably for a Foley family that was among the earliest settlers in the area. The name is Irish.

Gillespie

Named for Texas Ranger Captain R. A. Gillespie of Irish ancestry.

Gray

Named for Peter W. Gray, his grandfather was born in Scotland.

Hamilton

Named for James Hamilton, the Governor of South Carolina who helped finance the Texas Revolution and aided the annexation of Texas. He was of Irish and Scottish ancestry. His mother was the former Elizabeth Lynch.

Hardeman

Named for Bailey and Thomas Jones Hardeman, two brothers. There is evidence their paternal ancestors were either Irish or Welsh. There is definite evidence about their mother, Mary Edwards, who was from Ireland.

Hay

Named for John "Jack" Coffee Hays, the Texas Ranger with an Irish and possibly Scottish heritage.

Hemphill

Named for John Hemphill who was a U. S. Senator, and served 18 years as Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court. His father was Irish.

Henderson

Named for James Pinckney Henderson, the first Governor of the State of Texas. His father was Scottish.

Hood

Named for General John Bell Hood the Confederate General who was of Irish and Scotch ancestry.

Houston

Named for Sam Houston whose ancestry is Irish.

Jack

Named for the Jack brothers, William and Patrick, who were early proponents of an independent Texas. They were of Welsh and Irish heritage.

Jackson

Named for President Andrew Jackson, son of Irish parents.

Jeff Davis

Named for Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America. His ancestry is Welsh.

Jefferson

Named for President Thomas Jefferson who is of Welsh ancestry.

Jim Hogg

Named for Texas Governor James S. Hogg whose father was born in Ireland and whose mother was a McMath.

Jones

Have not been able to learn who this county was named for, but the name is Welsh.

Kendall

Originally called Waringford County in honor of R. P. M. Waring of Waringford, Ireland.

Kenedy

Named for Miflin Kenedy, rancher and merchant. Somewhere they lost an `n’ because his ancestry is with the Irish Kennedy's.

Kerr

Named for James Kerr, an early Texas pioneer with a Scottish ancestry.

King

Named for an Alamo martyr, William P. King of Irish ancestry.

Kinney

Named for Henry Lawrence Kinney, the founder of Corpus Christi. He was of Irish ancestry.

Kleberg

Named for the Kleberg family begun by Alice King, of Irish ancestry and Robert J. Kleberg of German ancestry.

Knox

Named for General Henry Knox, George Washington's Secretary of State, and later General of the United States Army. His father, Andrew Knox was born in Ireland.

Lee

Named for Robert E. Lee the Confederate General whose roots have been traced to Scotland.

Lynn

This county honors another Alamo martyr, William Lynn or Linn, who was of Irish acestry.

Madison

Named for President James Madison whose mother was a Conway with Irish progenitors.

Marion

Named for the "Swamp Fox", Francis Marion a hero in the American Revolution. An early historian (Thomas D'Arcy McGee) claims him for the Irish.

McCulloch

Named for Ben and Henry McCulloch, Texas Rangers. Their forbears were Scottish.

McLennan

Named for Neil McLennan an early settler, who was born on the island of Skye, Scotland in 1788.

McMullen

Named for Irish born empresario, John McMullen.

Milam

Named for Ben Milam who was Welsh.

Mills

Named for Judge John T. Mills, an Irishman. The county was organized by R. P. Connor.

Montgomery

Named for General Richard Montgomery of the American Revolution. General Montgomery was born in Ireland.

Moore

Named for Commodore Edwin Moore of the Texas Navy. There is no proof of his ancestry. He is included as many Moore's are Celtic.

Morris

Named for jurist W. W. Morris, his ancestry is not known but the name is known to be Irish.

Nolan

Named for Philip Nolan who was born in Belfast, Ireland.

Parker

Named for Cynthia Ann Parker. Others say it was named for the family. The family name has a long history in Ireland.

Polk

Named for President James K. Polk whose grand parents were born in Ireland.

Refugio

Capitol city of the Irish colony of Power and Hewetson, and named by them. The county was named after the town.

Roberts

Named for J. S. Roberts a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and former governor Oran M. Roberts.

Robertson

Named for empresario Sterling C. Robertson, of Irish heritage.

Rusk

Named for Thomas Jefferson Rusk, whose father was born in Ireland.

San Patricio

Named for the town of San Patricio de Hibernia, capitol of the McMullen Irish colony which was named for Saint Patrick of Ireland.

Sherman

Named for Sidney Sherman of the Texas Revolution. General Sherman's immediate ancestry was English, but the family was originally Welsh.

Smith

The county was organized with the help fo Mrs. Elizabeth (Boyle) Smith, of Irish ancestry.

Sommervell

Sommervell county was created in large part through the efforts of William G. McCammant who was one of the county's first commissioners.

Starr

Named for Thomas Starr who was Secretary of the Treasury in the Republic of Texas. Thomas Starr was of Irish heritage.

Stephens

Originally called Buchanan, named for President Buchanan of Irish ancestry.

Sterling

Named for buffalo hunter W. S. Sterling who was Scottish.

Stonewall

Named for Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson who was of Irish descent.

Tom Green

Named for Thomas Green of the Texas Revolution and the Civil War. His mother was Scottish.

Travis

Named for William Barrett Travis the commander at the Alamo. His great grandmother was Irish.

Walker

Originally named for Mississippi Senator Robert J. Walker for his part in helping Texas become a state, but because of his views at the time of the Civil War it was designated to honor Texas Ranger Samuel H. Walker. Both men have Celtic ancestors.

Ward

Named for Thomas William Ward an Irish born veteran of the Texas Revolution.

Wexford

Name was passed but never used for Refugio County. It was the home, in Ireland, of most of the Refugio colonists.

Williamson

Named for Robert McAlpine Williamson whose father's family was from Ireland. His mother's name was Rebecca Ann McAlpine.

The 1990 U. S. Census tells us the Celts are still very much a part of our state's population despite the fact that many a Celt has moved on.

Hispanics make up the largest part of Texas' population (25.5%). This is not surprising given the fact that Texas was for 300 years a part of Neuva España and continues to receive daily immigrants from our border with Mexico. Of somewhat of a surprise is that after all these years the Irish are the next largest ancestry group with 16.8%.

Taking a closer look and using the 1990 Census figures of the counties which the text shows contributed greatly to Texas’ historic Celtic connection in East Texas and South Texas, we see that the Celts are also still very much a part of the two areas.

In East Texas, using the Census category of Ancestry and combining the Irish, Scotch Irish, Scottish and Welsh numbers of Angelina, Jasper, Nacogdoches, Sabine, San Augustine and Trinity counties and comparing them to other groups, we see that the Celts make up the second (behind Hispanics) largest ancestry group. The Irish alone are third. In the coastal counties of Nueces, San Patricio, Refugio and Calhoun counties in South Texas, the Celts make up the third largest group after the Hispanic and Germans. The Irish alone make the fourth largest contribution to the population of the South Texas counties noted.

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