The following was translated from French to English from a Belgian web page regarding those buried in Robertmont Cemetery in Liege, Belgium..


MORREN Edouard (1833-1886)



At the end of 1835, he followed his family to Liege, where his father, Charles Morren, had been just named professor. The childhood of Edouard occurred in the surroundings from Liege, with Wood-the Bishop, where his father lived a country house. Like any child, he frequently accompanied his father on one of his herborizings and took taste thus early with the things of nature. He made his humanities with theSaint-Servais college, where he entered at the 10 years age. Edouard entered the University on October 5, 1849, he obtained, April 15, 1851, the diploma of candidate in philosophy and letters. His father wanted his son to become a lawyer and sent him to follow those courses. But, Edouard thought more readily of the plants and dreamed of herborizings and botanical voyages. It became necessary to allow him the study of the natural sciences.

In 1852, to answer a question of contest proposed by the Academy, Morren sent a report forming a manuscript of 516 pages, accompanied by an atlas of 28 boards. The inspectors (Spring, Martens and Kickx), noting that this work did not completely answer the question proposed in the contest, proposed to grant to him a medal of vermeil. His research was useful later, basic with a thesis presented at the Faculty of Science of the University of Ghent and which was published, in 1858, under the title of: Essay on the green and coloured sheets .

In 1855, a misfortune fell down on the Morren family: Charles, overcome by the excess of work, fell seriously sick and died. Edouard, the elder of a family of four children, had to assume the mission of head of family. It moreover was charged by the University with temporarily replacing his father and, March 8, 1855, the impromptu professor begin with a lesson which was a true success. He also had to deal with the direction of several periodic publications, in particular of Belgium Horticole, luxurious publication (translated into Spanish, under the name of: Espana Horticola ) as well as the direction of the botanical garden, which, far from being finished (it was inaugurated into 1883), gave thereafter still many concern the Morren young person. We will pass quickly on the details of its many occupations: study of the plants carnivores, drafting of biographical notes, secretariat of congress and exposures, description of new plants for science which arrived in mass in the large horticulturists [ Jacob-Makoy, Linden, etc. ] its descriptions made the fortune of the introducers and spread their fame; it baptized 14 Marantacées, 9 Orchidacées, 2 Malvacées, 1 Lentibulariacée, 1 Primulacée, 2 Acanthacées, 1 Pipéracée, 2 Crassulaceae (of which Sempervivum funckii VAr. aqualiense : cf. Beaujean, 1997) but it is especially in the great family of Broméliacées that it was distinguished: 77 new species or varieties were published, without counting those which it still planned to describe and which death did not allow it to him to carry out.

Some plants described by Edouard Morren:

Billbergia euphemiae E.Morren

Espéce de Bromeliacae dedicated to its Euphémie wife by Edouard Morren.


Oncidium limminghei E.Morren

This orchis is the first plant to be described by Edouard Morren.


Flowering maple vexillarium E.Morren




Pinguicula flos-mulionis E.Morren

A brought back plant of Mexico
by Omer de Malzinne


The number of watercolours indexed by Dr. Jason R. Grant of the University of Maryland, specialist in Bromeliaceae , amounts to 536, that is to say 490 in Kew and 46 in Liege (LG), and not 380 as Jorissenne (1887) affirms it. Dr. Grant, at the time of a voyage in Europe in 1996, had the leisure to study the watercolours deposited with Kew. He thus had the occasion to carry out 123 photographs, but for obscure reasons he could not conclude this company his; much more, it was to him interdict to reproduce its photographs in its publications.

Perhaps the reader will be astonished to see appearing the majority of the watercolours in the collections of Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew. That is explained by the fact that following the death of Morren, his widow had to discharge expenses of succession and was obliged to sell the library (7149 works, of which certain extremely rare, and of many manuscripts) and the watercolours of plants. Belgium lost here still the unique opportunity to preserve this exceptional inheritance that Morren had patiently gathered in its house of Boverie in Liege, now disappeared.

It is thus into 1887 that the collection of vellums and the manuscript of the monograph of Bromeliaceae were acquired by the botanical garden of Kew, for work of that which was to continue the work of Morren, J.G. Baker, first assistant with herbarium of Kew. The work of Morren was at this advanced point, that Baker could, in 1889, to publish in London its "Handbook of the Bromeliaceae" . It should be noted that for the species described by Morren like news, but not published, Baker referred to the watercolours and those are thus regarded as the types of these species, whereas the herbarium containing the dried plants remained with LG.


Dr. Jason R. Grant,
specialist in Bromeliaceae ,
at the tomb of Edouard and Charles Morren in 1996.


Some plants dedicated to Edouard Morren:


Rose ' Edouard Morren'



Pear ' Buttered Edouard Morren'





Morren however did not benefit a long time from its work; a chronic ulcer corroded the stomach to him and, like wrote Jorissenne (1887),

"it could never overcome the terrible apprehension to finish by a cancer. Alas! the peritonitis and the perforation which killed it, were to return to him the pangs of dead as cruel as this evil relentless ".





Edouard Morren ,
bust by Guillaume Beaujean


- Announcement of death of Edouard Morren -




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