With things going his way, the "Count" arranged for a bill to be introduced into the Texas Congress known as the Franco-Texienne Bill. The bill called for a generous land grant to be settled by 8,000 Frenchmen, with mining rights and special trading concessions. Saligny planned to head the operation and make a lot of money for himself. James Hamilton was at the same time in France attempting to arrange a five million dollar loan for Texas. "Count" de Saligny lobbied hard to convince Texas Legislators that if the bill were passed, France would be encouraged to make the loan. The Franco-Texienne Bill would have awarded the French company that was to be created:
- 3 million acres
- 8,000 French immigrants on the land (an average of 375 acres each)
- free importation rights (tax free) until 1848
- all mines on the property would be the property of the French company for twenty years
- exclusive trading rights by the French company
In return the French company would build 20 forts between the Red River and the Rio Grande; and maintain them for 20 years. The French company would pay to the Republic of Texas 15% of proceeds from the mining operations on the land grant.
De Saligny entertained lavishly at the Legation building. At the time, the French Legation was the showplace building in Austin. It contained special windows and fancy doors. It was equipped with hardware from France and stocked with the best cigars and burgundy. Everyone accepted an opportunity to see it. The Franco-Texienne Bill passed easily in the Texas House. In debate in the Texas Senate, Saligny was compared to Genet. The bill to establish the French company was defeated in the Texas Senate in February of 1841. Its defeat was due to the opposition of, among others, Vice President and Celt David G. Burnet.
Ever the politician, de Saligny decided to try again with the seating of the next Texas Congress. He was again lobbying hard for passage of the bill when the pigs got in the way and spoiled things. The pigs belonged to Irishman Bullock. They roamed the streets of Austin as they had for some time, but this time they found the French Legation. Whatever they found there they liked it well enough to find their way back another day. They rooted up the "Count's" garden. The pigs ate corn that was set aside for de Saligny's high-bred stallions. They got into a bedroom and ate some of de Saligny's fine linens and some of his papers.
De Saligny was insulted and outraged, even more so when he learned who owned the pigs. He ordered his French chef to butcher the pigs. Bullock retaliated by thrashing the chef. De Saligny had Bullock thrown in jail for assault on the "dignity of a foreign domestic." An investigation was ordered into the matter after a public outcry. Innkeeper Bullock was released from jail. This further insulted the "Count", he demanded his passport and took himself and his staff to New Orleans and then to France. Not long after, the five million dollar loan request was denied and the Franco-Texienne Bill was killed a second time.
The incident became known as the "Pig War" and much was made about it possibly costing the Texas Republic an important loan, the French the possibility of having strong influence over the new republic, and the "Count" from being made a wealthy man through the enactment of the Franco-Texienne Bill.
Research shows the French were not in a position to make such a loan and were already disposed to not make it before de Saligny reported any problems. Many Texans were re-thinking the wisdom of the Franco-Texienne Bill before the peccary problem as was reflected in the vote by the next congress. Bullock's pigs did remove from Texas an effete snob and leave the French Legation to be admired for years to come.
The French Legation as painted by twelve year old Julia Robertson whose family lived in the building 1848 - 1940.
Lamar's Indian policy was decidedly different than was Houston's. In his inaugural address he announced his policy, "If peace can be obtained by the sword, let the sword do its work". In this he was praised by fellow Texans who never appreciated Houston's friendship with Indians. Lamar's policy was an aggressive one. He put to use the Texas Rangers to fight the Indians.
In August of 1838, Col. Henry Karnes, the red-haired scout at San Jacinto, and a company of 21 defeated 200 Comanche warriors in a battle at Arroyo Seco, without any losses or injury to the Texas side. Many years earlier, Karnes had been captured by Indians who gave him to the squaws to wash the coloring out of his red hair. The squaws tried so hard they almost drowned him. Karnes was set free.
The Mexicans attempted to make use of Lamar's Indian policy to their advantage. Agents such as Julian Miracle and Manuel Flores were sent into East Texas to tell the Cherokees that if they would assist in the retaking of Texas their land grants would be honored.
Mexican officials gave support to a rebellion in Nacogdoches. The revolt was led by Vincente Cordova and Nathaniel Norris. Both were former alcaldes of Nacogdoches under Mexican rule. Cordova's name was among the papers found on Manuel Flores. In August of 1838, the group encamped on an island in the Angelina River for meetings. There were reports there were 300 Mexicans and an equal number of mostly Kickapoo Indians present at the meeting, and some negroes. It appears some of this band participated in an incident known as the Killough Massacre in October of 1838. The Isaac Killough family, a large extended family of Irish that also included a Williams family, moved to Texas from Alabama in 1837 was attacked. Eighteen persons were killed or carried off. An investigation showed there were Mexicans, Indians, and at least one "white" with the attackers. Later evidence showed that Manuel Flores was one of the Mexicans present during the raid.
In early 1839, General Burleson and a militia force engaged these rebels in a brief encounter on Mill Creek in the Guadalupe Valley about five miles east of Sequin, Texas that effectively ended the rebellion. Some of the Celtic names of people with General Burleson included; George Allen, John W. Brown, Preston Conley, Napoleon Conn, James P. Gorman, John L. Lynch, Isaac McGary, Thomas McKennon, John and Thomas Moore.
Julian Miracle was killed in a skirmish with Texans on the Red River. Among the papers found on him was the order from General Filisola to incite the disaffected Mexican and Indian population in Texas. Miracle's diary showed his own success in carrying out these orders plus the efforts of Cordova and Flores.
A Ranger company attacked a large party of Indians on the San Gabriel River. More than 600 pounds of Mexican powder and lead was confiscated. Among the dead was Maunel Flores. The Mexican agent was carrying papers from Mexican General Canalizo in Matamoros detailing a plan to unite all the Indians in Texas against the Texans. Among the plans were instructions to the Indians of how to draw the local Texan militia from a settlement, while other Indians attacked and took the settlement. Any settlements thus cleared by the Indians were to be given to them. This sent a wave of fear over the Texans.
The land the Cherokee occupied and remnants of other tribes under the protection of the Cherokees, were now totally surrounded by Texas settlements. Some Texans wished to take advantage of the new scare to pressure the Cherokees out of Texas and take the land for themselves. They appealed to President Lamar who they knew disliked Houston and the Cherokees. Lamar sent a Commission to the Cherokees made up of David G. Burnet, Albert Sidney Johnston, Hugh McLeod, and Rusk. They asked the Cherokee and other Indians to leave Texas because they did not actively assist the Texans against Mexico in the Texas Revolution. The Cherokees, again led by Chief Bowles, said they would not leave Texas. Chief Bowles reminded the Commission of Houston's treaty with them in 1836 and that they aided the revolution by abiding to the terms of that treaty. Bowles told the Commission, the Cherokees owned, or ought to own the land they had lived on for so long. He reminded them of the Trail of Tears when the U. S. Government had repeatedly moved them from one site after another, each move with promises of stability.
Bowles recounted how the Cherokee Indians were pushed by the Americans from the headwaters of the Ohio River to Virgina and then to the mountains of Carolina, and then, from the mountains of Tennessee. Now, the Texans wanted to push the Cherokee into the plains. The eighty-two year old Chief said, he knew his people could not win in a fight against the whites, but that he personally would lead his people in a fight to keep the land upon which they lived.
The Cherokee Trail Of Tears
Trail Of Tears painting by Robert Lindneaux
In July 1839, under orders from Lamar, Generals Kelsey Douglass and Edward Burleson led a band of 500 men against 700-800 Indians. They were mostly Cherokees and women and children, but there were at least 13 other Indian tribe representatives in the battle that took place a few miles south of what is today, Tyler, Texas. The Battle of the Neches, as it was called, resulted in the death of 83 year old Chief Bowles. He was shot by Henry Conner. Other tribal representatives present included the Shawnee, Alabama, Delaware, Kickapoo, Quapaw, Choctaw, Biloxi, Ioni, Coushatta, Mutaquo, Caddo (Neches), Tahoculake and possibly others.
Painting of the Battle of Neches by Donald M. Yena. Chief Bowles can be seen to the left of his horse which was shot out from under him. He is raising the ceremonial sword given to him by Sam Houston
The end of Chief Bowles as recorded by Mary Whatley Clarke, quoting an eyewitness:
Throughout the battle, his voice could be heard urging his warriors on .... He was a magnificent specimen of barbaric manhood ... His horse was shot several times, fell to the ground, throwing off his rider. The chief slowly rose to his feet and as he walked away he was shot in the back by Henry Conner. Bowles took several steps and fell, then rose to a sitting position.. He was approached by Captain Smith ... I said, "Captain Smith, don't shoot him," but as I spoke, he fired, shooting the chief in the head. Bowles' body was mutilated by the Texans. He was scalped, and several soldiers cut strips of flesh from his back for horses' reins. His unburied body lay for several years on the spot where he fell.
Chief Bowles son, John, known as Standin' Bowles, tried to lead a contingent of survivors to Mexico, but they were caught at the Colorado by General Burleson on Christmas Day 1839. Young Chief Bowles was killed as were many of the Indians. Before the month was out, the Delawares, Shawnees, Neches, Caddoans, Muscogees, Seminoles, Creeks, and Biloxies were all pushed out of Texas. For more detail about the Battle of the Neches and Chief Bowles see an article that appeared in The Rocky Mountain News by Gary Carden >
The Comanches resisted, and a state of war existed between Texas and the tribe. In January of 1840, the Comanches approached Henry Karnes, asking for a parley. He agreed, on the condition the Comanches bring in their white captives which were believed to number about 200. Karnes persuaded the Texas Indian Commission to meet with the Comanche chiefs in San Antonio, but to bring troops to hold them hostage if they did not bring the captives as promised. The Commissioners were Scotchman Hugh McLeod and Irishman, William G. Cooke. They arrived in San Antonio with men under the command of Albert Sidney Johnston, of Scottish heritage. The Indians, thirteen Chiefs, their families, and some warriors came; 65 in all. The two groups met, March 19, 1840 in the courthouse known as the Council Hall. The Indians brought only one captive, a young sixteen year old girl, Matilda Lockhart. They did bring another, a young Mexican boy, but according to the Texans, he did not count. The fact that the Indians brought only one captive and that she was a young woman who had been "utterly degraded, and could not hold up her head", that her body was heavily scarred, and her nose burned off to the bone with "both nostrils wide open and denuded of flesh", put the Texans in a surly mood.
The young captive told the Texans she saw several of the other prisoners at the principal camp a few days before they left for the meeting. The plan was, she told the Texans, for the Indians to negotiate a high price for her and then bring in the others one at a time, negotiating the prices all the while. When the Chiefs were asked where the promised captives were, the leader, Chief Muguara, told the Commissioners they were with other tribes but could be bought. In other words the Indians, did indeed, plan to bargain with the Texans for each and every captive they held. Maguara ended his answer with a blatant "How do you like that answer?"
Colonel Cooke ordered soldiers into the room and all exits covered by rifles from the outside. The Chiefs were informed they were but tenants-at-will on the Texas domain, that all present were Texas prisoners and would be kept hostage for the safety of Texans in the possession of their tribes. They were to send one young man to the tribes to tell them of their situation. As soon as the captive Texans were released into the hands of the Texans, the Chiefs and their families would be free. The Indians responded quickly; stabbing the soldier blocking the door. Shrieking and fighting, the Comanches broke from the building. Amid the Texan firing and smoke, Indians, soldiers, and civilians were killed in the melee. No Indians escaped, all the Chiefs were killed in the fighting, the Béxar County Sheriff was killed as were five other Texans. Among the Texan wounded were: Mathew Caldwell, Edward Thompson, a Mister Carson, and a Private Kelly. Thirty Indians were left alive and they were held prisoner.
< Colonel William G. Cooke
One of the released Indians, a squaw, was released and told to tell the tribes; unless all the Texan captives were released within twelve days, the Indians held at San Antonio would be killed. The Indian reaction in their camp was to mourn for the dead, the women by cutting off fingers, the men by roasting, skinning alive, or otherwise torturing and killing in slow and painful deaths, thirteen of their Texan captives. The Comanches then left to counsel with other tribes.
In August of 1840, a huge band of Comanche Indians joined by some other tribes like the Kiowas came back to take revenge for the Council House ambush. 300 hundred Comanches went to San Antonio, where one Chief entered the town and challenged the Texans to battle, but as a truce was in effect, there was no response from the Texans. Moving southeast, between 600 to 1,000 of the Indians attacked and took most of Victoria. Victoria was home to many Irish, the most notable of whom was merchant John J. Linn. The Indians next target was a town founded by Linn known as Linnville, a town on Lavaca Bay. Linnville was destroyed. The Indians withdrew and headed north. Texans spread the word to intercept the Indians. The Texans gathered at Plum Creek, about two miles from the present town of Lockhart, which coincidently, was the last name of the young lady captive the Indians released just before the Council House Fight in San Antonio. The Indians had with them a great deal of plunder and horses they had captured. Their greed had them in the position of protecting this booty rather than their traditional method of defense.
The Texan forces had among it many Celts including as leaders; Ben and Henry McCulloch, Mathew Caldwell, Edward Burleson, John Moore and General of the Regular Army, Felix Huston. The Texans stampeded the caballado of captured horses, many of the Indians were stampeded along with it. The Indians were separated from the others and picked off. The battle turned into a massacre that ran on for fifteen miles ending at Kelley Springs. The Battle of Plum Creek went a long way in reducing the Comanche threat in Texas.
The Battle of Plum Creek, as painted by Lee Herring, found the Indians wearing many of their ill gotten goods
In September, 1840, Colonel John Moore and 90 Texans followed the the Indians to where they had withdrawn to lick their wounds. The Texans traveled into far west Texas and attacked a Comanche village, killing 125 warriors. Cited for his part in the battle was a Lieutenant Owens. The Comanche would continue to be a problem, but no longer on the scale previous to these events.
An example of how the Irish colonists suffered, even from the good guys, during this period is to quote James W. Byrne, whose land was used as a bivouac by elements of the Texas militia during the Linnville raid:
The Volunteers killed my hogs and poultry; used my beeves at an average of 2 per day, and some 12 - 14 acres of corn planted on the margin of the bay, were consumed and the balance destroyed by broken fences leaving fields exposed. The officers took possession of my home, boarded here, ate my provisions, the hospital was supplied from my house.
Besides reversing Houston's stand on the Indians, President Lamar made other changes. He ordered a new Texas flag be designed. The new flag was designed by Scotsman Charles Stewart. It is the same flag that is our official state flag today. Oliver Jones offered the bill in the Senate.
< Charles B. Stewart
President Lamar re-established the Texas Navy, making a Lieutenant in the United States Navy, Edwin Ward Moore the Commodore. Other members of the Texas Navy with a Celtic name were: Captain Alex Moore, Lieutenant E. P. Kennedy, Lieutenant J. O. Shaughnessy, James Riley, James McCauley, C. Collins McElroy, John McCarty, Edward Keenan, Alex McGregor, John P. McDermot, Charles Griffin, John McMasters, Tarrance Hogan, Thomas O'Dell, Thomas Reilly, J. O'Neal, Charles McKnight, Charles McKeever, Francis McFarlan, and seamen Scott, Moore, and Hughes. Later there was Admiral Samuel Murray Robinson.
Seaman Benjamin Franklin Hughes, of Welsh descent, wrote in his diary how he came to serve in the Texas Navy. He ran away from home in Kentucky at an early age. He walked and roamed the wilderness until he crossed the path of an English family that was visiting the United States. They took him in. The family went back to England and young Hughes with them. During the sea voyage over, the English couple's only daughter fell overboard. Benjamin Franklin Hughes dove in after her as the ship sailed on. Fortunately, someone saw young Hughes dive overboard. The ship turned around and put out a small boat to pick up the two children. When Hughes got back on the ship he was a hero. The sailors took special care of him. When the ship got to Liverpool, Hughes became homesick for his country and the sailors got him a job aboard a ship sailing for New Orleans. When he arrived at New Orleans, the town was aglow with excitement about the Texas Revolution. The year was 1835, Hughes was fifteen years old, the chance to take part in a great adventure led him to sign with the New Orleans Grays who then departed to help Texas. The New Orleans Grays were with Fannin and the massacre at Goliad. Hughes was marched out with the others. He saw two women, Señora Francita Alavez and Señora Urrea, as he went through the gate onto the road, he noted their faces were filled with sadness. Something passed between the eyes of young Hughes and the women, because they pulled him from the line of march. When one of the Mexican soldiers attempted to take the boy and place him back into the formation, Señora Urrea, wife of General José Urrea, objected and the boy was left with the two women.
Hughes was later taken to Matamoros where he was to be imprisoned. He was placed in a cell that had human bones on the floor. He was sure he would die there, but fate once again interceded on behalf of his youth, and he was set free. Walking the streets of a foreign town just after having been released from its prison, must certainly have been a trying experience for young Hughes, but luck was still with him, Irish luck. Two Irishmen befriended him and took him to the city docks and took him with them aboard a ship bound for Galveston. At Galveston, Hughes joined the Texas Navy as First Class Cabin Boy.
Lamar also set about to recruit an army. One of his recruiters, a Colonel Samuel Plummer of Aransas City, was told in New Orleans by U. S. Army officers; "the Irish made good infantry men and were first rate with muskets in a charge". Plummer reported he believed he could enlist several hundred Irish volunteers into the Texas Army.
PASTRY AND FLOUR
The French Navy blockaded Mexican ports because of mistreatment of French citizens in Mexico city, especially some pastry chefs. To subvert the blockade, Mexican military established, in July of 1838, a landing spot in the area of Corpus Christi. They then moved supplies thus landed overland into Mexico. This military presence of the Mexicans caused resentment among the locals. Pressure built to do something about it. In early August a summons was sent for Texans to gather at the nearby town of Texana to organize an attack on the Mexicans and chase them back to Mexico. On August 7 the Texas force moved to attack the Mexican unloading area. The Mexicans, apparently aware of the Texan plans, had abandoned the site leaving over 100 barrels of flour and other supplies behind. From then on the area was known as Flour Bluff.
As seen by the graphic below, Texas suffered Mexican intrusions in the early part of the Republic. Mexico still felt that Texas was a Mexican province and it continued to probe and incite problems as it wrestled with how to retore the province to Mexcan control. Mexico was engaged in internal problems and an external one with France that allowed the Republic of Texas to suffer only these brief excursions. When it could Mexico would try to do more.
Houston, during all the Lamar administration, was still having his voice heard, as an elected member of the Texas House of Representatives. In a speech to the Texas House, he condemned the death of Bowles as murder.
In his private life Houston was also still a leader. On 18 November, 1838 he presided at the inaugural meeting of the Mason's, Grand Lodge of Texas. Previously three Mason lodges were operating in Texas; Holland Lodge #36 in Houston, Milam Lodge #40 in Nacogdoches, and McFarland Lodge #41 in San Augustine. The lodges of Houston, Nacogdoches and San Augustine were chartered by the Grand Lodge of Louisiana. The charter for the Holland Lodge in Houston was originally granted to the men who organized at Brazoria in March of 1835. The formal charter for the Holland Lodge was granted in January of 1836 and delivered by John M. Allen of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana to Anson Jones. The lodge was named for John Henry Holland, formerly the Sheriff of Orleans parish in Louisiana and from 1825-1828 and again 1830-1839 the Grand Mason of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana.
The events of the Texas Revolution had scattered the men who had formed the lodge. In fact Jones had the charter in his saddle bags during the Battle of San Jacinto. After the battle the Holland Lodge was re-established in Houston. The Grand Lodge of Texas redesignated the three lodges and organized under Texas jurisdiction. At the meeting, T. J. Rusk and others represented the Milam Lodge, Sam Houston along with others represented the Holland Lodge, and Junior Warden represented the McFarland Lodge. The Holland Lodge became #1. It was designated number one because it was the first officially organized lodge in Texas. During the period Houston was the Capitol of Texas, the Holland Lodge met in the Texas Senate Chambers. Past Masters of the Holland Lodge included many men with Celtic names starting with John Shea in 1838 and followed by men named: Bryan, King, Williams, Coyle, Cronan, Morris, Riley, Montgomery, Murphy, McMillan, and McBee. In 1985 the Worshipful Master was R. Scott McClellan.
In Mexico, Santa Anna returned to the Presidency to rid the country of the French. The Federalists decided to try and wrest power from Santa Anna, while he was engaged in fighting French forces on the coast. The Federalists targeted northern Mexico for their attacks. The Federalists met with some success. In 1839, Federalist General Antonio Canales occupied Fort Lipantitlan across from San Patricio to use as a headquarters.
Many Texans joined in the fighting against the forces of Santa Anna. O'Driscoll's Tavern in Refugio was a headquarters of sorts for those Texans involved in the Federalist war in Mexico.
Colonel Reuben Ross, a grandson of the Reuben Ross who had been with Magee, led a company of men under General Canales. Among his men were some familiar Irish names: James Dolan, Thomas Allen, Caleb Bennett, Malcom McAuley, John McFarlan, Henry and Michael Whalen. Later, January 1840, these men and other Texans joined with General Canales in declaring the Republic of Rio Grande with Laredo as its capitol. Canales was supported by the Federalists of the northern tier states of Mexico bordering Texas; Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and Nuevo Leon.
The Federalists wanted to follow the example of Texas and declare a republic separate from Mexico, but one based on the Constitution of 1824. The Federalists sent a delegation to Austin to talk to Texas leaders, to seek their recognition and support. The timing was bad, as Texas was at that time trying to negotiate with Mexico for independence. Texas entered negotiations with Mexico when it became apparent the United States was not willing to annex them. It was also believed it would strengthen their relations with the international community if Mexico were to recognize its independence. Consequently Texas was unable to support the Republic of Rio Grande. Lamar asked that Canales remove himself from Texas soil. That was all he did. There was never any enforcement because of the many Texans involved, and the fact Canales was fighting Santa Anna.
The Federalist delegation left Austin and stopped in San Patricio. Canales made it a recruiting headquarters. They actually raised the flag of the new Republic of Rio Grande in the town. The Federalists met red-haired Samuel W. Jordan of San Patricio. The name Jordan is a Gaelic patronym. Jordan was recruited and left to raise a unit. Jordan's efforts were very successful and he commanded a regiment of 110 Texans. When Jordan's regiment was ready for action, two Tejano companies from San Antonio were assigned with his unit. The combined force's first assignment was to work their way down the Rio Grande to Matamoros. Jordan's force successfully moved down the Mexican side of the Rio Grande; fighting battles in the name of the small republic. After successfully taking every town between Laredo and Carmago, Jordan was ordered to move against targets in the interior of Mexico.
Jordan's forces went on to capture the towns of; China, Tula, Morallo, and Linares, Mexico. After Linares, Jordan received orders from a Colonel Molano to attack Victoria, Mexico, the capitol of Tamaulipas. Captain Antonio Perez, commander of one of the Tejano companies accompanying Jordan's regiment, warned Jordan that there were moves afoot politically, to ally Canales with the Mexican government through bribery. Molano, Captain Perez suspected, was a part of it. Wanting no part in the chicanery he perceived, Perez withdrew his men, and headed back to San Antonio.
Jordan went on to attack and take Victoria by surprise. About three weeks later, Colonel Molano and a battalion of Mexicans together with another battalion under a Colonel Lopez joined with Jordan's force at Victoria. Again Molano approached Jordan and asked him to take his regiment with the remaining Tejano company to attack Saltillo, and that his and Colonel Lopez' unit would accompany him. Jordan should have known something was amiss when he discovered the road Molano placed him on led to San Lois Potosi. Jordan found the road to Saltillo and continued on. On October 21, 1840 the unit was halted at a rancho on the road approaching Saltillo. Both Molano and Jordan got messages from couriers. Molano's told him the deal with Canales was made, and that he was to lead Jordan into a battle that was being conceived to destroy Jordan and his men. Jordan's message warned him of the possibility that Canales had switched sides, and of a possible ambush. Jordan did not believe it, and proceeded to Saltillo.
On the 23rd, a Centralist Army came out of Saltillo to face Jordan and his men at a place called Ojo de Aqua, very near where the future Battle of Buena Vista would be fought. As the battle lines were being formed by the military units, Jordan found he was indeed betrayed and abandoned by Canales, when Colonel Molano and Colonel Lopez and their units went over to the other side. The Centralist forces were commanded by General Rafael Vasquez who was with Cós in 1835. He would again visit Texas.
Colonel Jose M. Benavides, Commander of the second Tejano company that left Laredo with Jordan, at first stood with the Texans. Approximately 1,500 Centralist forces were now facing the smaller force of about 100 Texans and about 35 Tejanos. Feeling there was to be an obvious slaughter, and still able to separate his men from it, Benavides led his men from the field, away from the battle and back to Texas.
The Texans, taking advantage of the movement, made for the protection of a small stone hacienda, and set up a defensive position. The Centralist Army attacked. The smaller Texan force, aided by a Mexican Captain Lari, and a young Mexican bugler, held off attack after attack; eventually scattering the enemy with their accurate fire. They were actually able to come out from their defensive position and charge the Mexicans. The Texan tactic was to burst through the Mexican line in charge all the way to the Rio Grande. The Mexicans dispersed. Captain Lari and Ewen Cameron scouted the way for the Texans, and caught up with elements of Captain Benavides men.
Benavides, hearing reports of a valiant Texan breakthrough, stalled and set up listening outposts to locate the Texans and help extricate them from the combined Mexican Army. The Texans and Benavide's unit made it back and across the Rio Grande. Among those with Jordan with Celtic names were: Captain Allen, Captain Donnelley, Lt. James Gallagher, Mustard Walsh, John Reagan Baker and Ewen Cameron.
The short lived Republic of Rio Grande had a flag and more and thus like Magee and Long before it the communities involved in their endeavors remember them. They often point out that they had more than six flags over their part of Texas. The community of Laredo often uses the graphic below to promote their view of this angle on Texas History.