ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

THE TEXT

The text of this work is not always fluid. The staccato nature of some of the narrative, the stand alone one sentence paragraphs, and the many asides, often detract from the main theme of a given topic. This is the result of trying to include as many Celtic contributors to Texas history as possible and yet to keep it all in some chronological order. Another problem is the listing of names. It does not make for very interesting reading, but it provides proof to the statement about the Celtic contribution to Texas history. Many of the lists of Celtic contributors are in the appendices, but many of them are also found in the text. Reading lists in the middle of a story can be distracting. Please remember, my objective is to convince you, that the Irish, and their Celtic cousins were an important part of Texas history. To do that, I need to give you names, dates, places.

Many times in the text an historical event must be developed before the Celtic connection to it can be made. Other times historical events are presented that have nothing to do with the Celts; but are included because I wished to share a good story or a little known fact from my research. Sometimes the tangential digression is more interesting than the main topic. This makes for stand alone paragraphs that may have little to do with the main subject on the page.

There is one other factor I wish to acknowledge which makes it difficult to write a smooth and flowing history. Life is complex, but the writing of history tends to view it in a single dimension. Collateral events are covered one after the other. One event is followed through a point in time, and then the reader is taken back in time and brought forward again on a different topic. This can sometimes be distracting. The reader needs to appreciate the integration of the many factors in a given historical time.

Different readers will have different interests in different aspects of this story. I have presented as much of it as I could find. Some of it will interest one person and be of little interest to another. An example might be the inclusion of Celtic individuals who contributed to the religious development of Texas. To some people that is more detail than they want to read.

Remember, my objective is not to tell you a smooth flowing story, but to prove to you, the Celts were an important part in the making of Texas. The Celts were among both the outstanding and the common people of Texas and together the famous and not so famous Celts of Texas participated in weaving the threads of their lives into the fabric of Texas history in such a way as to make a difference.

Originally the web pages that make up this work were to have been the pages in a book published by the State of Texas Ancient Order of Hibernians. Due to funding problems the book was never published. Rather than sit on this research which was gathered over a ten year period, I have decided to share it with those intersted enough to read these web pages.

THE ILLUSTRATIONS

Originally the illustrations for the book were to come from three sources: the State of Texas Archives, the collections of the University of Texas at Austin and from a collection of woodcut illustrations at Texas A&M University. There was a large gap in time, while we waited for funding, between when the manuscript was basically finished and when the book was to have been published. The early part of that gap, was when I planned to research these facilities to locate the appropriate illustrations, pay the fees and then incorporate the illustrations into the text. Promised funding for that research trip was also not able to be made available as had been originally agreed when the project was begun. Consequently an alternative plan evolved. Notices were posted on electronic bulletin boards asking for graphics to be sent the author. In each notice individuals were asked to send only copyright free material and advised that credit would be given to the original source of the material. It was also explained that any graphics sent may be adapted or altered by computer. The response was amazing! Thanks to all who took the time and interest to send the graphics. Most of the graphics came via modem. There were so many graphics that I was able to pick and choose, adapt or alter.

The Chapter headings and some accessories with the triskelion celtic design are courtesy of : (link)

THE PEOPLE

In an endeavor of this sort there are always many, many people to recognize for the part they played in helping the idea come to fruition. Let me begin by thanking my family, who went for long periods of time without me as I labored on this book. They were understanding and supportive. My wife, Rae Nell, acted as a sounding board for different ideas, checked my spelling, and otherwise kept me on track. My brother Robert Moran took a hands on part in helping me clean up drafts, keep my grammar straight, and in general find errors. His involvement freed me to the task I enjoyed most, organizing the content; while he took on the detailed task of the mechanics of English. To his dismay my constant revisions left spelling and grammar errors in place. Bob also helped me select the illustrations, and did some of the research. Thanks also to Gary Reno for his critique of the first and last draft.

Nena Swedran of Guadalajara and Mexico City, and Luis Gardera of Querétaro provided assistance in researching information regarding Nueva España.

Thanks to Virginia Rodriguez-Charles for her magnanimity and forbearance.

Cy Baker, the man who sponsored me into the A.O.H., was very much a part of this book, though he has been gone from us several years now. Pat Patton the man who followed me as President of the Dick Dowling Division and later became President of the State A.O.H., appointed me as State Historian. Implicit with that appointment was his endorsement of the writing and publication of this book. His support and efforts on behalf of funding are appreciated. Larry Hogan, who followed Pat Patton as President of the Dick Dowling Division kept me involved in Hibernian activities without which I would not have continued as State Historian.

For my sense of history that led me to write this and other works, I thank my many teachers particularly Mrs. Nellie Guibault, and Mrs. Doris Woods of Killeen High School, and historical authors; James Michener, Sean MacManus, Will and Ariel Durant, Kenneth Roberts, H. G. Wells, William D. Griffin, and William F. Costello.

Fellow historians who encouraged me include: Father Anton Frank; John Brendan Flannery, author of The Irish Texans; Father Charles Lamb of the University of Saint Thomas; Larry Miggins, guardian of the Dick Dowling statue in Hermann Park, Houston; and members of the Dick Dowling Camp of The Sons of Confederate Veterans.

Thanks too for the support from: Bishop John McCarthy, James Delaney, and Dick Dowling direct descendent Ann Carroway Ives.

The National Ancient Order of Hibernians was most supportive. In 1990, President Michael Coogan, National Historian Michael McCormick, and National Chaplain Donal O'Donald all gave their support to this book. In 1991, President George Clough and National Historian Johnny Concannon endorsed the project. Brother Concannon, in particular, supported this project from its inception both in his role as a National Hibernian official and as a private individual.

I thank the tireless, often unappreciated work of the many genealogists I read in family projects and in organization newsletters, from them I obtained leads and data that were available no where else.

Special thanks go to the many librarians, archivists, and their staffs at the many locations where I researched. I acknowledge their willing assistance to share and preserve the history that is in their trust. Thanks also to the authors and editors of the many works these fine people made available to me.

Librarians who went out of their way to assist me include; Dorothy Glass, Librarian of the Texas Room in the Houston Public Library; Doctor M. Nieball, of San Jacinto College, and Librarian Sue Gale Kooken who assisted me in the Texana and Special Collections Room; Mabel McCall of the Layland Museum in Cleburne; Casey E. Greene, Assistant Archivist, Galveston and Texas History Center, Rosenberg Library; Lisa Struthers, Library Director of the Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library at the San Jacinto Museum, and Howard Hendricks of the Confederate Museum in Richmond, Virginia.

Libraries used frequently were:

The Pasadena Public Library, Pasadena, Texas; including the Harris County Genealogical Section and the Pasadena History Collection.

The Houston Public Library, including the Texas Room and the Clayton Library, Center for Genealogical Research, Houston, Texas.

The Fondren Library at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Particularly helpful were the Woodson Research Center, The Carroll and Harris Masterson Texana Collection, and the papers of Andrew Forrest Muir.

The Neumann Library at the University of Houston-Clear Lake in Houston, Texas.

The M.D. Anderson Library, University of Houston-Central Park, in Houston, Texas.

The University of Texas Library in Austin, Texas, particularly the Archives Collection.

The Texas State Archives in Austin, Texas

The San Jacinto College Library in Pasadena, Texas, especially the Texana Collection.

The LaPorte Public Library in LaPorte, Texas

The Rosenberg Library in Galveston, Texas; Texas History Center.

The University of Saint Thomas Library in Houston, Texas.

The Sterling C. Evans Library of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas.

The library of the San Jacinto Monument in Houston, Texas.

The DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas.

The Texas Collection in the Carroll Library Building, Baylor University in Waco, Texas.

The Layland library collection located in the Layland Museum housed in the Carnegie Library Building in Cleburne, Texas.

The library of the Scottish Heritage Foundation, in Houston, Texas. Access was provided by Ann E. McGiffin.

To all, and to any I may have overlooked, my sincere thanks and appreciation,

Gerard Patrick Moran

La Porte, Texas 1999

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Table of Contents........

Prologue......................