Celtic Connection Glossary H-M

hacienda - Spanish for a large estate, it also refers to the main dwelling on the estate

halyard - rope, as in a tackle, sail or flagpole rope

harp - ancient symbol of Ireland, the musical instrument

hierarchy - order of ranks, levels of authority

helm - position of control, as in, at the ship's wheel

Herculean (task) - an incredibly difficult task, from Hercules the Greek strongman

heretical - of or relating to a departure from accepted beliefs or standards

heritage - legacy, birthright

Hibernia - Ireland (Latin)

Hibernian - an Irishman or Irishwoman, a member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians

Hispanic - of or relating to Spain, Portugal, Mexico, Central and South America and some of the Antilles

holdings - property

howitzer- short cannon

Huguenot - French Protestant

hunkered down - crouched or squatted, set, ready for an attack or whatever

Iberian - of or pertaining to the Iberian peninsula, or Spain or Portugal which are on the peninsula

ilk - of similar origin, sort or kind; akin

illusory - deception based on illusion

immigrate - to come into a country of which one is not a native for permanent residence

impertinence - impudent, not restrained within due or proper bounds, or good taste

implicit - capable of being understood, though never expressed

imputations - accusations, insinuations

incher - refers to the size, in inches, of the diameter of a round (projectile) capable of being fired from

a given cannon or artillery piece as in nine incher.

incommunicado - without means of communication, can not be contacted.

in bond - a formal obligation, a binding agreement

inaugural - initial, first, opening usually with ceremony

incarceration - imprison, jail

incipient - beginning to be apparent

incursions - a raid or hostile entrance into a territory, probing in areas belonging to others,a sortie

industrious - habitually occupied, productive

influx - a flowing in, in-flow

ingratiate

to gain or acceptance through deliberate effort

inhabitants

residents

inquisition

act of inquiring or official inquiry without

regard for individual rights

insular

that which results from being isolated,

usually by one's self

intellectuals

intelligentsia, intelligent people, people given

to study; thinking, cognizant people

Intendencia

Spanish for the jurisdiction of an Intendentes,

evolved to mean administration

Intendentes

A Spanish administrator for a jurisdictional

territory

inviolably

unassailable, secure from attack

Irish

of or pertaining to Ireland

irons, put in

to shackle, put in chains or otherwise restrain

irrepressible

unrestrainable, with boundless enthusiasm

jacal

a hut usually made with poles, mud or clay, and

grass

jackstaff

short flagpole on a ship

Jacobite

a partisan for James II of England, or of the

Stuarts

janus-like

two faced, deceitful, playing two sides of an

issue or appearing to be with one side and

actually working for the other

joint resolution

a resolution agreed to by both houses of a

legislature acting as a unit

juba (patting)

rhythmic hand clapping and slapping of knees and

thighs

junta

Spanish for a controlling group, as in government by a council or committee

jurisdiction

power, right or authority tied to territorial

limits

kept (woman)

to be maintained and to be at the disposal of a

benefactor

Knights of Calatrava

founded in Castile between 1156 and 1171. It is

a religious-military crusading order that honors

the struggle in Spain against the Muslims, or

for the protection of pilgrims. The

administration of this order was attached to the

Spanish Crown in 1523, by the 19th century the

award was honorific

 

Know Nothings

a secret American 19th century political

organization that was organized to prevent

immigration. It began as the Order of the Star

Spangled Banner, and evolved to a visible

political arm known as the American Party. When

questioned about their activities, the inevitable

response was they know nothing, hence the name

given them by others

kudos

awards, honors, praise

Kurgan

a people of the Steppes

kurgan

Russian for a burial mound

labor

A Spanish land measurement of 177 acres

laid (guns)

aligned, sighted

laid

surveyed

lame-duck

an office holder who has officially been voted

out of office, but still retains the office until

their formal term expires and the installation of a

successor

lancers

a mounted military unit armed with lances

layed (sic) out

surveyed

league (land)

the word is of Gaulish origin, in English it

is a unit of distance (about three miles), in

Spanish Texas it was used as a unit of area,

4428,4 acres

leg (of a journey)

a segment, or portion

Liberalism

not bound by authoritarianism, orthodoxy, or traditional forms

Liberals

believers in Liberalism

litany

a recitation of a long list of supplications or

prayers

Loyalists

Monarchists, Tories, loyal to the regime in, or

traditionally in power

lucrative

profitable, or potentially so

lynch (law)

hanging, outside the law

magazine (ammunition)

storage area

manifest

readily perceived by the senses; on a ship it is

document listing data about the cargo and/or

passengers

manifest destiny

a future event accepted as inevitable

manifesto

a public announcement of intentions

Marianist brothers

members of a Catholic religious order known as

the Society of Mary

marquis

a noble rank see baron

marshalling spot, point

a to location to assemble and organize

men and/or supplies, equipment and provisions

martial law

law applied by military forces

masked battery

an artillery unit hidden from view or sheltered by

protective defenses.

masked

hidden or obscured, or something blocking the

view of another thing behind it

mayhap

an old term meaning- perhaps

meld

merge, blend

mercantile

commercial, of or relating to trade

mercenaries

a foreign soldier hired to do service for another

country

merchandising business

selling, marketing

Merrimac/Virginia

The Confederate ironclad Virginia was formerly

the Union sailing ship Merrimac.

mestizo

a person of mixed Indian and Spanish blood

militia

civilian, stand-by or reserve forces called only

in time of need. Volunteer defenders

mission

A ministry commissioned by a religious

organization (Spanish); later, the duty on which

one is sent

monarchy

a sovereign hereditary ruler

monastery

an establishment for monks

Monroe Doctrine

a statement of United State's policy issued by

President James Monroe in 1823 expressing U. S.

opposition to European control or influence in

the Western Hemisphere

moot

already decided, deprived of practical

significance

mortar boat

a vessel with mortars as armament

mulatto

a person of mixed blood, Negro and light skinned

peoples

mustang (verb)

to round up wild horses

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