Details on the Battle of Medina
The battle was fought south of San Antonio and south of the Medina River between highway 16 and highway 281.
In a more detailed look at the area you can see the battle happened between Gallinas Creek and Galvan Creek along the old Spanish road from Laredo to Bexar. The black sand area actually covered an area greater than shown.
The battle began with Toledo's men poised in ambush on high ground that had a commanding view of the immediate area before it on the east bank of Gallinas Creek. They rushed forward to make contact with the Spanish lead forces when someone revealed their position by firing at a lone horseman separated from the Spanish force.
That lead force was the mounted one led by Elizondo. When the Republicans deployed before him, Elizondo withdrew toward Zambrano's support position. When the Republicans drew up in front of the combined Elizondo and Zambrano Spanish line, they thought they were facing Arredondo's main force.
The Spanish then withdrew leading the Republicans toward Arredondo's position along Galvan Creek. The Spanish formed another line further down the road and again withdrew when contact was made. They formed a line again in front of Galvan Creek and the Republicans came further into Arredondo's trap. Though they were now taking fire on the sides from Arredondo's line, the Republicans pressed forward. They had captured Zambrano's two cannon and saw the Spanish were withdrawing further (behind Arredondo's hidden line which had been quiet because they could not fire with Elizondo's and Zambrano's men in front of them). This freed up the field's of fire for Arredondo's men and artillery who opened up a withering crossfire. Elizondo and Zambrano's men joined the line at the road. Elements of Arredondo's extended line then began to fold in on the Republicans while Arredondo's center began to advance, and the route was on.
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