EARLY HISTORY OF IRELAND

he two surviving sons of Melisius, Eremon and Eber (sometimes seen as Heremon and Heber) divided the island between them except for two small areas set aside for the family of their two married brothers, Ir and Ith. Eremon took the northern half and Eber took the southern half of the isle. Ir's family was located on the northeast corner of the island and Ith's on the southwest. Many historians feel the term `Ireland' comes from the Vikings, who, when they landed in the northeast corner of the island were told it was Ir-land.

This family of Milesians, it would appear, provided most of the names by which the island is known: Ireland, Erin and Eire as well as for earlier versions. Caesar referred to the island as Scota and its inhabitants as Scoti. Later when the "Scoti" landed in Alba, they changed the name of that land to Scotland.

Eremon eventually evolved as the ruler of all Ireland and a sucession of Milesian kings followed. The Firbolgs were kept in virtual serfdom in the area that will become known as Connacht. The De Dannan were apparently assimilated. The Milesian period was one of Europe's higher civilized and creative periods and it was centered in Ireland.

Based in Ulster, the Milesians wielded all the power in Ireland. About the time of Christ, a group of Firbolgs descended from those who left for Alba centuries earlier, returned to Ireland and were granted lands in southern Connacht by Queen Maeve.

Maeve had been the wife of the Milesian king of Ireland, Conor Mac Nessa. There was a problem between them and he divorced her and set her up in Connacht. There she remarried (the King of Connacht) and began organizing a suspiciously large retinue. When she let the Firbolgs in, Conor became alarmed and sent two of his best warriors (one of these was the famous Cuchhillian) to Connacht with some men to pursue and kill the Firbolgs.

After Conor Mac Nessa, many weaker kings ruled Ireland. In the first century there was the Aitech Tuatha (Revolt of the Rent-Paying Peoples). Taking advantage of the weakened organization of the Milesians, the Firbolgs started many disturbances with increasing violence and size. The leaders of the Milesians, wanting to effect a peace, agreed to attend a great feast offered by the Firbolgs during a truce. The feast was held at Magh Croin in County Galway. The Firbolg leader was Carbri Cinn Cait which translates as Carbri "leader of the unfree ones." Carbri had all the Milesians, who came to the banquet, murdered. He then took over leadership of Ireland as its 101st ruler. He ruled for five years in an evil and ruthless manner in stark contrast to the enlightened rule of the Milesians.

THE FIRST MORAN, MORANN

Carbri's son was Morann. He was from Connacht. During his father's reign he became known as a great Brehon (lawgiver) eventually serving as the Chief Justice of Ireland. When his father died, Morann refused the crown repudiating the brutal reign of his father in deference to the civilized rule of the Milesians. Feradach succeeded Carbri as Ireland's 102nd ruler in about 36 A. D.

Morann continued under Feradach in his position as the Chief Justice of Ireland. Known as the "Just Judge", Morann was reknowned for the wisdom in his judgements. He wore something known as the Iodhan Moran (Moran's Collar). To the left is a drawing from an early encyclopedia depicting "An Arch Druid in His Judicial Habit" wearing the collar which is detailed to the right. It was an ornamental collar made of gold. Chief Justices through the ages wore the collar which it was said would choke the wearer if were about to give an unjust decision. Morann was also known in Irish history as the first to believe in a single all-powerful god, before the arrival of Christianity. When Saint Patrick codified Irish law in about 400 AD in a work known as the Senchus Mor (The Great Law), Morann is mentioned very favorably. No connection with this Morann has been made, however, for our family.

The Milesian king named in place of Morann, Feradach, was followed by his son Fiacha. Fiacha was overturned by an alliance between the Aithech Tuatha (Firbolgs) and provincial Milesian kings. The alliance placed Elinn of Ulster on the thorn and he ruled for twenty years. Many Milesians began to be disturbed by the increasing power of the Firbolgs during Elinn's rule and plotted to restore the family of Fiacha by choosing his exiled son, Tuathal, as their leader. With popular support, Tuathal was successful in wresting the throne from Elinn and the Firbolgs.

The next ruler of note in Irish history was Conn of the Hundred Battles, son of Feidlimid, son of Tuathal. Conn had to take his throne from a usurper, Cathair Mor. Connacht is named for Conn. Conn was followed by his grandson Connaire II until his own son Art could take the throne. The king after Art was Lugaid until Art's son, Colmac was of age. Colmac's forces, in the year 240 AD, successfully invaded and held Alba for Ireland. Colmac was followed by his son Carbri Lifeachar. Carbri's son, Fiacha became King of Connacht. For some years now the stepping stone to Tara where the High King reigned was through the position of King of Connacht. Fiacha was made High King in 300 AD. His son Muiredeach, was doing so well in his father's battles and at court, that another branch of the sept headed by the brothers Colla, plotted to kill Fiacha and Muiredeach to take the throne. The brothers Colla killed Fiacha but were unable to kill Muiredeach, who defeated them after four years of fighting. Muiredeach reigned for 27 years as High King. His son was Eochaid Muighmhedon also seen as Eochidh, Eochay or Eochy Moyvane. He was the 124th king of Ireland.

EOCHAY MOYVANE AND MONGFINN

T. Whitley Moran, a noted Irish genealogist and a respected member of the Irish Genealogical Society, who has done extensive research in the ancient Gaelic manuscripts and on Moran family genealogies, suggests the Moran family of Connacht can trace its origins on fairly firm ground to Eochidh Muighmhedhon (Eochay Moyvane, King of Ireland) in circa 350 AD. For a discussion of other Moran families go to Appendix II - Other Morans.

Eochy Moyvane (Eochaidh Muighinheadhoin) was King of Connacht in the year 358 AD. He reigned eight years. He had several wives. One of his wives was Mongfinn, she was from the royal family of Munster. Her father's name was Fidach. She also had a brother, Crimthann Mor Mac Fidagh who was King of Munster. He will come into our story later. Two of the sons of Mongfinn and Eochaidh were Brian and Fiachra Foltsnathac (Fiachra of the flowing hair). T. Whitley Moran and other genealogists trace the Morans to which we are related from Mongfinn and her son Brian (see Appendix VII).

When Eochahaidh took a second wife, Mongfinn felt threatened. The wife was the daughter of Scal Moen, King of the Saxons. Her name was Caireann Chasdubh (Caireann of the dark curly hair). Mongfinn saw to it that Caireann did hard menial work right up to the last month of her preganancy when she presented Eochahaidh with another son. This son was called Niall and he developed into a very special person who was agile with weapons and words, in battle and in court.

Eochahaidh let it be known he wanted Niall to succeed him because Niall excelled both on and off the battlefield in all areas of leadership. Queen Mongfinn, however. wanted her oldest son, Brian to inherit the throne, but as he was too young, she supported giving the throne to her brother, Crimthann Mor Mac Fidaigh until Brian was old enough to take the throne. She arranged for Niall to be blamed for a plot of which he was innocent. He was exiled. When Eochaidh died at Tara, Crimthann succeeded Eochaid as King of Ireland. Crimthann had his own ideas about who should rule and ruled for twenty years. He called back Niall and made him a general in his army.

Mongfinn continued to plot to place Brian on the throne at Tara. None of her schemes worked. Out of desperation, she brought a poisoned drink to her brother, Crimthann. When he hesitated to take the drink, so consumed was she with her plot that, she drank from it herself to encourage him to drink. This woman of the royal house of Munster in her selfish act to put her son, a son of Connacht, on the throne - changed the history of Ireland dramatically and all in vain. Both she and Crimthann died of the poison. An emnity was born between the royal houses of Connacht and Munster that would last generations and result in many deaths. The crown passed to Niall.

NIALL

Niall had redeemed himself among the royal families of Ireland as the very successful general of the High-King's army. Eochaidh had wanted Niall to succeed him, and so with Crimthann gone and Niall again in good stead, Niall was made King. He became known as Niall Niogiallach or Niall of the Nine Hostages. To insure his reign he took an important hostage from each of the five provincial kings of Ireland as well as one from Alba, one each from the Saxons and Britons and one from the Franks on the continent or the Welsh. This last hostage is not clearly identified in the oral history.

Niall successfully extended the rule of Ireland into Alba and Europe. He was liked by all for his ability in war and at court. Niall is the progenitor of the Ui Neil (also seen as Hy Niall) who, in later years, ruled Ulster. Niall made his half brother, Brian, King of Connacht and Fiachra was made chief of a district extending from Carn Fearadhaigh near Limrick to Magh Mucronmhe near Atheny. Disputes arose between Brian and Fiachra and they marshalled their forces and met in battle. Fiachra lost and was captured. He was sent, a prisoner, to Niall.

Niall supported the Irish colony in Alba and then combined with the Picts to raid Britain, Wales and Gaul. On one of these raids, a young boy was captured and brought back to Ireland. He escaped but would later return as Saint Patrick.

Fiachra had five sons, Earc Ciulbhuidhe (yellow hair), Breasal, Conaire, Amhalgaidh, and Feradhach. Feradach had much prowess, he was so agile, skilled and athletic, his name became Dathi (sometimes seen as Nathi) which reflected this.

DATHI AND FIACRACH

Dathi pursued Brian and together with allies from Lienster defeated and killed him. Fiachra was then released by Niall and made king of Connacht.

Fiachra was the progenitor of the family of Ui Fiachrach Muaidh, of which we are a part. Fiachrach is the genitive (possesive) form of Fiachra. The name of the Barony of Tireagh in County Sligo comes from Tir - Fiachrach. The actual area of Tir - Fiachrach, as originally defined, was much larger than the present barony and encompassed all of the barony of Tireagh and a large part of the baronies of Gallen and Tirawley in County Mayo.

Muaidh, in UiFiachrach Muaidh, refers to the River Moy which was known successively in history as the Sal Srotha, Moda, Moadus, Maudis, Moyus, Muidh and Muaidh. The River Moy rises in the present barony of Leyny in County Sligo and then runs in a circuitous pattern to the sea by way of the Barony of Gallen in County Mayo where it passes through Foxford and Ballina/Ardnaree in the Barony of Tirawley on its way six more miles north to the Bay of Killala where the river forms the present boundary between the counties of Mayo and Sligo.

Fiachra was sent on a mission to collect the Borumean Tribute from Munster. The men of Munster, still upset over the murder of Crimthann, revolted and challenged the Connacht men to battle. The men of Connacht prevailed but Fiachra was wounded in the battle. To insure the continued support of Munster, hostages were taken. One night on the way back to Tara, the hostages broke loose, seized upon the wounded Fiachra and buried him alive before they were stopped. Fiachra died. His son, Dathi, became King of Connacht. Dathi was the last pagan King of Connacht.

Niall was killed in 404 AD during one of the raids into Gaul by an internal enemy from Lienster. One ancient account says the incident took place on the banks of the Loire River.

Niall was succeded by Dathi. Dathi's brother, Amhalgaidh, became King of Connacht. Amhalgaidh recieved the doctrine of Christianity from Saint Patrick himself and became the first Christian King of Connacht. From Amhalgaidh (sounds like Awley) comes the name, Tir - Amhalgaidh, meaning territory of Amhalgaidh which over time became Tirawley, the name of the Barony in County Mayo where our Morans are centered today.

Dathi followed Niall's lead and continued to raid into Britain, Wales and Gaul. He harrased the retreating Romans in Britain and Wales. In Gaul, he pushed them all the way to the Alps where he was suddenly struck by a bolt of lightning. Amahalgaidh returned the body to Erin fighting battles all the way. There were nine battles at sea and ten on land. Each time the body of Dathi was raised for his army to see and take from him inspiration and each time the men of Dathi's army were victorious. Amhalgaidh was killed in one of the last land battles [possibly the one listed as Lundunn (London)]. Four servants of Dathi's took the body of Dathi to an ancient burial ground at Cruachan in Meath where the kings of the race of Heremon were buried. Dathi was succeeded as High King by a son of Niall, Laoghaire, or Leary. He reigned for 30 years.

Dathi had three wives and 24 sons. With Ruadh or Rufina, the daughter of Airti Uichlleathan, he had sons, Oilioll Molt and Fiachra Ealgach. Oilioll became King of Connacht in 449 AD. The Barony Tireill, which is a corrupted form of Tir-Oiliolla, is named for him. This barony is shown in MacFirbus 's map of 1650 to border Tir Fiachrach at Ballysadar off Sligo Bay. Oilioll was King of Ireland in 463 AD, succeeding Laoghaire.

A side story concerning the progeny of Oilioll explains the origin of the name of Ardnaree. Oiliollol Molt's son, Ceallach, had two sons, Eoghan Beul and Oilioll Ionbhanda (they were later kings of Connacht). Eohghan Beul had two sons, Ceallach and Cuchongolt Mac Eoghain. Ceallach was murdered by his four foster brothers. Cuchongolt slew them and then hung them near the spot where they killed his brother. That place, a hill, was called Ard Na righ (the hill of executions) and is today Ardnaree.

Fiachra Ealgach, the son of Dathi, continued the line of the Hy-Fiachrach Muiadh. The son of Fiachra Ealgach was Maolduin, sometimes seen as Maoldubh. Maolduin's son was Muiren, Moran-Mor.

MUIREN, MORAN MOR

Muiren and his family were originally, in about 800 AD, located on the shore of Clew Bay in west County Mayo (in County Burrishoole and Murrisk) when the area was known as Umhall. Umhall is pronounced Oole.

Muiren's son, Maolduin, began the eastward movement of the Morans when he took his family inland and settled in a glen known as Glean Maoiduin along the Owneninny River somewhere north of Bellacorick (about ten miles east on the main road from Crossmolina). Over the years, the family extended eastward to and across the River Moy where they settled at Ardnaree (on the eastern shore of the River Moy, opposite Ballina which was on the western shore) and south along the River Moy to Tuaim da Bhodhar, now called Toomore near Foxford. By the twelfth century the family was known as the O'Moráins of Ardnaree and were vassal chiefs to the O'Dowdas, lords of Hy Fiachra Moy. The O'Moráins were hereditary proprietors of Ardnaree and held the stategic fords of the Moy at Ardnaree and Foxford.

THE O'MORAINS FROM CLEW BAY TO ARDNAREE

The O'Moráins were a large family throughout Connacht, though centered in Ardnaree, families could be found either side of a band from the shores of Clew Bay to Ardnaree. In Burrishoole parish there is an old archeological ruin of a circular fort known as Raith Ui Mhorain (Moran's Fort). In the Annals of the Four Masters there is written an account of an event in 1208 when O'Moran slew Amhaoibh O'Rothlain, Chief of Calruidhe Cuile Cearnadha. In Killeen, not far from Carrowkeel, the parish priest in 1440 was Ruaid hri O'Morain. A Donald O'Morain is listed in documents as being in Carrowkeel in February of 1486. The 1650 MS of Duald Mac Firbus quotes a poem written in the Book Of Lecan in about 1417 that tells of:

O'Moran, the swift, who deserved the
great esteem of the soldiers.
O'Moran goes triumphantly to
Ard na riagh, hospitable the man,
to tend the learned and the banquets.
For O'Moran accustomed to battles
...We have alloted Ard Na riagh, a hero
"by whom our mind was raised."

Looking at the 1856 Griffith's Valuation numbers of Moran Households by baronies in County Mayo, we see that of the 499 listed, 172 (34%) are from the baronies surrounding Clew Bay (Murrisk, Burrishoole and Erris). Another 128 or (26%) are in the contigous baronies east of those on Clew Bay (Tirawley and Carra) . Finally, 199 or another 40% are shown in the baronies further east bordering on Carra and Tirawley (Gallen, Costello, Clanmorris and Kilmaine). This would support the eastern migration theory from Clew Bay.

In 1750, the O'Morain family was centered in Ballina and the spelling was Moran. A Captain Francis Moran was born in Ballina in 1773. He lived in Down Hill House. He died in 1814. His brother, Thomas, was born in 1775. He also lived in the house. Thomas died in 1732. Thomas Moran was the grandfather of T. Whitley Moran, the genealogist mentioned earlier.

According to T. Whitley Moran, the Morans of Ardnaree and Ballina are related to Muiren and his family. I believe we are related to this family of Morans and therefore tie into all the preceding genealogy. This family's coat of arms is officially listed and described as follows:

Azure on a mount proper, two lions combatant oer holding between them a flagstaff also proper. Then from a flag argent.

According to Myra McGuire who paints coats of arms and shields professionally in her home in Rathmines, Dublin, Ireland, the overall shield is blue, the mound green and the lions gold. The flag is silver.

.For other Moran coats of arms see Appendix III.

Research is on-going to make the connection to these Morans of Ardnaree to those of our family in Carrowkeel, a distance of less than six miles.

I found the following in the Appendices of a Master's thesis entitled Reclaiming The Raven: Irish Australian Memory In The Post Modern Moment written by John Peter Luke Saunder in 2000 for his Masters Degree at Murdoch University in Perthw, Western Australia. The raven was the symbol for the Hy Fiachrach. I found his appendicess pertinent to our research and well written and so present them here:

Appendix 1: Tales of Fiachra

“A further Irish example of a smith as initiator occurs in the story of Niall and his four step brothers. Mongfind sends the boys to Sithchenn, a smith who is also a magician and a seer. He gets them all into the forge and sets fire to it. Niall comes out with the anvil, and the other four brothers with the sledge-hammers, a pail of beer and the bellows, the spearheads, and a bundle of dry sticks with one green twig in it, respectively. From this the smith foretells their future. Mongfind send them to the smith a second time to obtain arms, and he sends them forth to prove their prowess, an expedition which culminates in a further test – the encounter with the hag at the well” (Rees, p. 253).

“In their youth, Niall (of the Nine Hostages) and his four step brothers, Brian, Fiachra, Ailill, and Fergus, were given weapons by a smith and sent hunting to prove their arms. After losing their way in the forest, the youth lit a fire to cook the game they had killed, and fergus was sent in search of drinking-water. He came to a well guarded by a monstrous black hag who would grant him useof the well only on condition he gave her a kiss. The lad refused and returned without water. Each of his three brothers in turn went on the same errand, but only Fiachra deigned to give the hag a ‘bare touch of a kiss’. For that she promised him ‘a mere contact with Tara’ – meaning that two of his seed (but none of the descendants of the other three brothers) would be kings. Then it was Niall’s turn. Faced with the same challenge, he kissed the old hag and embraced her. When he looked again, she had changed into the most beautiful woman in the world.
‘What art thou?’ said the boy. ‘King of Tara, I am Sovereignty’
(Rees, p. 73).

Appendix 2: The Ui Fiachrach in the Annals of the Four Masters

Hy Fiachra or Hy Fiachrach was a name applied to the territories possessed by the race of Fiachra, one of the sons of Eochaidh Muighmeadhoin, monarch of Ireland in the fourth century, of the race of Heremon. The following accounts of the race of Hy Fiachra have been collected from the Books of Leacan and Ballymote, O’Flaherty’s Ogygia, and other authorities. Fiachra was for some time King of Connaught, and was a celebrated warrior, and commander-in-chief of the Irish forces under his brother Niall of the Nine Hostages, Monarch of Ireland; and according to the Book of Ballymote, folio 145, on his return home from a great battle which he had fought with the men of Munster, A.D. 402, he died of his wounds at a place called Hy Mac-Uais in Meath, where he was buried with great honours, and where a monument was erected to his memory with an inscription in Ogham characters, on which occasion fifty prisoners taken in the battle were, according to the Pagan customs, sacrificed around his tomb. The place called Hy Mac-Uais is now the barony of Moygoish in Westmeath. Dathi, son of Fiachra, was king of Connaught, and afterwards Monarch of Ireland; he was one of the most celebrated of the Irish monarchs, and carried his victorious arms to Gaul, where he was killed by lightning at the foot of the Alps, A.D. 429. His body was brought to Ireland and buried at Relig-na-Riogh, the ancient cemetery of the Irish kings at Cruachan, near Elphin. Dathi was the last Pagan monarch of Ireland. Oilill Molt, son of Daithi, was also king of Connaught and monarch of Ireland in the fifth century. Amhalgaidh, another son of Fiachra, was also king of Connaught, and from him the territory of Tir Amhalgaidh or Tirawley in Mayo obtained its name. Dathi the monarch had a son called Fiachra Ealgach, whose posterity gave name to the territory of Hy Fiachrach Muaidhe or Hy Fiachra of the Moy, also called Tir Fiachrach, and afterwards Tireragh barony, in the country of Sligo. This Fiachra had a son called Amhalgaidh, who raised a carn of great stones called Carn Amhalgaidh, where it appears great assemblies of the people were held and where Amhalgaidh himself was buried...At Carn Amhalgaidh the chiefs of the O’Dowds were inaugurated as princes of Hy Fiachra, though according to some accounts the O’Dowds were sometimes inaugurated on the hill of Ardnarea near Ballina. Bryan, king of Connaught, ancestor of the Hy Briuin race, and Niall of the Hostages, Monarch of Ireland, ancestor of the Hy Nialls, of whom accounts have been given in the notes on Meath and Brefney, were brothers of Fiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmeadhain, monarch of Ireland; and hence these three brothers were the progenitors of the kings and head chiefs of the Meath, Ulster and Connaught. The territories possessed by the race of Fiachra obtained the name of Hy Fiachra, and comprised the present counties of Sligo and Mayo with a great portion of Galway. The territory of Hy Fiachra in Galway, or southern Hy Fiachra, was called Hy Fiachra Aidhne from Eogan Aidhne, son of Eochaidh Breac, son of Dathi, monarch of Ireland. The posterity of Eogan Aidhne, the chief of whom were the O’Heynes, O’Clerys, and O’Shaughnesseys, possessed this territory, which was co-extensive with the diocese of Kilmacdaugh; and an account of its chiefs and clans will be found in the note on South Connaught. The chiefs of North Hy Fiachra in Sligo and Mayo were the O’Dowds, &c. According to O’Duhan and Mac Firbis, fourteen of the race of Hy Fiachra were kings of Connaught, some of whom had their residence at Aidhne, in Galway; others at Ceara, now the barony of Carra, in Mayo; and some on the plain of Muaidhe or the Moy, in Sligo.

The Clans of Hy Fiachra are thus designated by O’Dugan :-

“Binn sluagh na m-borb cliathach.”

“The music loving hosts of fierce engagements”

O’Dubhda, a name sometimes anglicised O’Dowda, but more frequently O’Dowd, and by some O’Dowde, by others O’Dooda and O’Doody, was the head chief of North Hy Fiachra, whose territory comprised nearly the whole of the present country of Sligo, with the greater part of Mayo. The name Dubhda appears to be derived from Dubh, dark or black, and dath, a colour, which, by the elision of the two last letters, which have no sound, makes Dubhda, and might signify a dark haired chief. Taithleach was a favourite name amongst the chiefs of the O’Dowds, and may be derived from Tath, a ruler, and laech or laoch a warrior; hence it may signify the ruling warrior. The O’Dowds are descended from Fiachra Eaglach, son of Dathi, monarch of Ireland above mentioned, and took their name from Dubhda, one of their ancient chiefs. Several celebrated chiefs are mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters, in the tenth, eleventh and twelfth centuries. At A.D. 981, Aodh O’Dubhda or Hugh O’Dowd, whi is styled lord of North Connaught, died. By a typographical error in O’Connors Rer.Hib.Scrip. the name is translated O’Duffy instead of O’Dowd. In the Annals at A.D. 1097, is recorded the death of Murchartach O’Dowd, lord of Hy Amhalgaidh. Many valiant chiefs of the O’Dowds are mentioned in these Annals down to the seventeenth century: and they had large possessions in the county of Sligo until the Cromwellian wars, when their estates were confiscated. The O’Dowds were inaugurated as princes of Hy Fiachra or North Connaught at Carn Amhalgaidh, near Killala, as above stated. They appear from history to have been a valiant race; and many of them even down to modern times were remarkable for their great strength and stature: indeed, it may be observed that most of the clans of Sligo and Mayo furnished many men of great size and strength.”

Annals of the Four Masters, Pages 98-99

“Let us go to the land of Fiachra
To the melodious hosts of fierce conflicts,
From the hospitable and powerful tribe,
It is our wish there to proceed.

From Codhnaigh, it is a peaceful visit,
Which marks the end of the territory,
To the boundary of Rodhba to be recorded;
It is a delightful perfect land;
The whole of that portion
Is the inheritance of O’Dowd.

Fourteen kings of the tribe
Obtained the province undivided,
By deeds of combined force and battle,
Of the illustrious race of Fiachra.”

Annals of the Four Masters, Pg 608

Brandubh, or the Black Raven, so called from the colour of his hair – Pg 221

The Teutonic race are characterized by various writers as cool, steady, slow, calculating, systematic, persevering, taciturn, great reasoners and matter-of-fact people, generally acting with union and concert, fond of wealth, great money-makers, eminent in arts, manufacturers, mechanics, trade and commerce, proud, domineering, distant and rough in manners, not hospitable, selfish, and uncourteous to strangers, sturdy, firm, resolute, of cool and determined bravery, acting in concert and combination with great perseverance and energy, and accomplishing great conquests, forming monarchies and empires, and having hereditary rulers.
The Celtic race, as described by ancient and modern writers, are sanguine, quick of temper, fiery, passionate, changeable, fond of novelty, though closely adhering to old customs, careless of riches, unless suddenly acquired, improvident, extremely hospitable and courteous to strangers, polite, generous, friendly, very fond of news, great talkers, laughers, and orators, full of figurative language, wit and satire, very partial to poetry and music, fond of splendid dresses and ornaments, clamorous and boastful, vain, impatient of controul, factious, and prone to dissensions among themselves, greedy of glory, enthusiastic, acting from sudden impulse, fierce and impetuous in valour, and very prone to war, their chief modes of government by tribes, clans, and petty kings, and their rulers elective.”

Annals of the Four Masters, Pg 369

Appendix 3: Notes from
“The Genealogies, Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach”

Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, who was sixth from Conn of the Hundred Battles...

1. Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin (pronounced Eochy Moyvane), King of Connaught,
was proclaimed monarch of Ireland in the year 358, and, after a reign of
eight years, died at Tara. He married Mongfinn, daughter of Fidach, of the
royal family of Munster, and sister of Crimhthann Mor Mac Fidaigh, who
succeeded Eochaidh as monarch of Ireland, according to the Four Masters, in
the year 366...By Mongfinn this monarch had four sons, namely, 1, Brian,
the ancestor of the Hy-Briuin tribes, of whom the O'Conors of Connaught
were the most distinguished; 2, Fiachra, the ancestor of the Hy-Fiachrach
tribes, of whom the O'Dowds, O'Heynes, and O'Shaughnessys were, at least in
later ages, by far the most distinguished families; 3, Fergus; and 4,
Oilioll, from whom the Tir Oiliolla, now the barony of Tirerill, in the
county of Sligo, received its name.

Queen Mongfinn, like the Empress Agrippa, actuated by the motives of
ambition, for the aggrandizement of her offspring, poisoned her brother,
the monarch Crimthann, on Inis Dornglas, a small island in the river Moy,
in the hope that her eldest son, Brian, might be immediately seated on the
throne of Ireland; and in order the more effectually to deceive her brother
as to the contents of the proffered cup, she drank of it herself first, and
died of the poison soon after; her brother, on his way home to Munster,
died at a place in the south of the present county of Clare, which, from
that memorable event, received the appellation of Sliabh Oighidh an righ,
or the mountain of the death of the king...

According to all our ancient authorities King Eochaidh had a second wife,
Carinna, who is said to have been of old Saxon descent, and who was the
mother of the youngest, though by far the most celebrated, of his sons,
namely, Niall of the Nine Hostages, the ancestor of the O'Neill of Ulster,
and all the other families of the Hy-Niall race. It is stated in the Book
of Ballymote, fol. 145, b, a, that the poisoning of her brother Crimthann
was of no avail to Queen Mongfinn, for that Niall of the Nine Hostages, the
son of King Eochaidh by his second wife, and who had been the general of
King Crimthann's forces, succeeded as monarch of Ireland immediately after
the poisoning of Crimthann...

...we read that in the life-time of Niall of the Nine Hostages, Biran, his
brother of the half blood, became King of Connaught, and his second eldest
brother of the half blood, Fiachra, the ancestor of the O'Dowds and of all
the Hy-Fiachrach tribes, became chief of the district extending from Carn
Fearadhaigh, near Limerick, to Magh Mucroimhe, near Atherny. But
dissensions soon arose between Brian and his brother fiachra, and the
result was that a battle was fought between them, in which the latter was
defeated, captured, and delivered as a hostage into the hands of his half
brother, Niall of the Nine Hostages. After this, however, Dathi, the son of
Fiachra, a very warlike youth, waged war on his uncle Brian, and challenged
him to a pitched battle, at a place called Damh-chluain, situated not far
from Knockmaa hill, near Tuam, in the now county of Galway. In this battle,
in which Dathi was assisted by Crimthann, son of Enna Cennselach, King of
Leinster, Brian and his forces were routed, and pursued from the field of
battle to Tulcha Domhnaill, where he was overtaken and slain by Crimthann,
son of Enna Cennselach...

2. Fiachra Foltsnathach, i.e. of the flowing hair, son of King Eochaidh. -
After the fall of Brian, the eldest son of King Eochaidh, as before
recited, Fiachra, the second son, was set at liberty, and installed King of
Connaught, and enjoyed that dignity for twelve years, during which period
he was general of the forces of his brother Niall. His death happened in
the following manner, according to the Lecan records:- He went on one
occasion with the king's forces to raise tribute in Munster, but the
inhabitants of that province, who detested him and his race, on account of
his mother having poisoned the preceeding monarch, who was of their own
province and blood, refused to pay the tributes to King Niall, and defied
him in battle. They met the king's forces in the territory of Caenriaghe,
now the barnony of kenry, situated in the county of Limerick, on the south
side of the Shannon, where they were defeated, and obliged to give up
hostages for their future allegiance. In this battle, however, Fiachra was
severely wounded by Maighe Mescora, one of the warlike tribe of the Ernaans
of Munster, and he set out in triumph for Tara; but when they had arrived
in the territory of Hy-Mac Uais, in Meath, the Munster hostages found Brian
[My Note: An error in the text here - should be Fiachra] unprotected and in
a very feeble state from his wounds, and being suddenly actuated by motives
of revenge, they seized upon his person and buried him alive in the earth!
Thus fell Fiachra a victim to his own incautiousness, according to the
Lecan records, which do not tell us a word about what his own chieftains
were doing, when he was left thus barbarously unprotected. According to the
Book of Lecan this Fiachra had five sons, and if we can rely on the order
in which they are mentioned we should feel inclined to think the monarch
Dathi the youngest. They are mentioned in the following order:- 1, Earc
Culbhuidhe, i.e. of the yellow hair, so called because his hair was the
colour of pure gold, who was the ancestor of the men of Ceara; 2, Breasal,
whose race became extinct; 3, Conaire, from whom a St. Sechnall is said to
have sprung; 4, Amhalgaidh, or Awley, King of Connaught (and ancestor of
several ancient families in Tirawley and Erris, in the county of Mayo), who
died in the year 449...The seven sons of this Amhalgaidh, together with
twelve thousand men, are to have been baptized by St.Patrick, At Forrach
Mac n-Amhalgaidh, near Killala...and 5, Daithi, the youngest, but most
illustrious, of the sons of Fiachra, and the ancestor of all the chiefs of
the Hy-Fiachrach race.

3. Dathi, son of Fiachra Foltsnathach.- On the the death of his father,
Fiachra, this warlike chieftain became King of Connaught, and on the death
of his uncle, Niall of the Nine Hostages, int he year 405 or 406, he became
monarch of Ireland, leaving the government of Connaught to his less warlike
brother Amhalgaidh, or Awley, who lived to recieve the doctrines of
Christianity from the lips of the Irish apostle, Patrick, and who is set
down in all the lists of the kings of Connaught, as the first Christian
king of that province. King Dathi, following the example of his
predecessor, Niall, not only ventured to invade the coasts of Gaul, but
forced his way to the very foot of the Alps, where he was killed, it is
said, by a flash of lightning, leaving the throne to Ireland to be filled
by a line of Christian kings. His body was carried home by his son
Amhalgaidh, who took command of the Irish forces after the death of his
father, and by his four servants of trust, Dungal, Flanngus, Tuathal, and
Tomaltach, who carried it to the royal cemetary at Cruachan, called Reilig
na riogh, where it was interred, and where, to this day, the spot is marked
by a red pillar stone...After the death of King Dathi, Laoghaire, or Leary,
the son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, became monarch of Ireland, and
enjoyed that dignity, as the Book of Lecan states, for thirty tears after
the arrival of St. Patrick.
The monarch Dathi married three wives, but the Irish authorities differ
much about their order; the fact therefore probably was that he had the
three together; be this, however, as it may, the Book of Lecan states that
he married Ruadh, or Rufina, the daughter of Airti Uichtleathan, by whom he
had Oilioll Molt, monarch of Ireland, and Fiachra Ealgach, the ancestor of
O'Dowd; he married, secondly, Fial, daughter of Eochaidh, by whom he had
Eochaidh Breac, the ancestor of O'Heyne and O'Shaughnessy; and thirdly ,
Eithne, the daughter of Orach, or Conrach Cas, who, according to some
authorities, was the mother of his son King Oilioll Molt. But as it would
be idle to speculate on which of Dathi's sons were youngest or eldest, the
Editor will here follow the authority of the Book of Lecan, which states
that Dathi had twenty-four sons, of whom, however, only twenty are gieven
by name, and set down in the following order:- 1.Oilioll Molt: he succeeded
as king of Connaught in the year 449, and after the death of the monarch
Laoghaire, in 463, became monarch of all Ireland, and reigned twenty years.
His two grandsons, Eoghan Bel and Oilioll Inbanna, became Kings of
Connaught, but his race became extinct in his great grandsons; 2, Fiachra
Ealgach, the ancestor of O'Dowd, and several other families; 3, Eochaidh
Breac, i.e. Eochy the Freckled, the ancestor of O'Heyne, O'Shaughnessy, and
many other families; 4, Eochaidh Meann; 5, Fiachra, who is said to have
been detained as a hostage in the hands of King Niall of the Nine Hostages,
and who is said to have left a family called Hy-Fiachrach, at a place
called Cuil Fabhair, in Meath [My note: surely an error, since Niall was
already long dead]

The tribes, customs and Genealogies of Hy-Fiachrach, Pages 343 to 346.

"Guaire Aidhne.-He was King of Connaught for thirteen years, during which
period he distinguished himself so much for hospitality and bounty that he
became almost the god or personification of generosity among the Irish
poets" Page 391

At the year 1201 the Four Masters enter the death of Conchobhar, or Conor
O'heyne, the son of Maurice; at 1211 that of Cugaola O'heyne, and at 1212
they have the following entry:- "A.D. 1212. Donnchadh O'Heyne had his eyes
put out by Aodh, the son of cathal Croibhdhearg O'Conor, without the
permission of O'Conor himself." These were evidently the grandsons of Aodh,
or Hugh O'Heyne, who was slain in 1153, and whose race was now laid aside,
when Donnchadh was deprived of his eyes and rendered unfit for the
chieftainship. After this Eoghan, the son of Giolla na naomh O'Heyne,
became chief of the Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne, and one of the most conspicuous
chieftains that ever ruled that territory. In the year 1255 he was one of
the chiefs of Connaught who joined the sons of King Roderic O'Conor against
Hugh, the son of Charles the Red-Handed O'Conor, King of Connaught, who was
assisted by the Englishl on which occasion Hugh O'Conor despatched his
brother felim and others of the chiefs of his people, and a large body of
English soldiers, into Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne to plunder Eoghan O'Heyne, and
they encamped one night at Ardrahin, for the purpose of plundering the
country early the next morning; but when O'Flaherty of Iar-Connaught, and
the other enemies of Hugh O'Conor, had heard that the English were here
stationed with the intention of plundering Eoghan O'Heyne, they did not
neglect their friend, but marched, as the Four Masters state, "with one
mind and one accord," until they came to a place near Ardrahin, where they
halted, and having held a consultation, they came to the resolution of
sending Tuathal, the son of Muircheartach, and Taithleach O'Dowd, with a
strong force, to Ardrahin, while O'Flaherty and the son of Muircheartach
O'Conor were to remain with their forces outside. The two O'Dowds, with
their soldiers, marched courageously and boldly into the town of Ardrahin,
and made a vigorous and desperate attack upon the English, whom they put to
flight east and west. The party who fled eastwards were pursued by the
O'Dowds, and the constable, or capatin of the English received two wounds,
one from the javelin of Tuathal O'Dowd and the other from that of
Taithleach, which left him lifeless; but the party who fled westwards met
O'Flaherty and the son of Muircheartach O'Conor, and routed them to their
misfortune. After this the sons of Roderic and their supporters made peace
with Hugh O'Conor and his friends, which the annalists remark was an
unseasonable peace, as there was no church or territory in Connaught at the
time that had not been plundered or laid waste!

A Composite Hy-Fiachrach History

(also from John Peter Luke Saunders)

There are many old and contemporary sources for Hy-Fiachrach history, both written and oral. Many of these sources contain information lacking in the others. I have tried to compile the events of as many of these sources as possible into the one timeline. My apologies for any inaccuracies here.


AD 123 First year of Conn of the Hundred Battles as king over Ireland
AD 157 Death of Conn of the Hundred Battles
AD 227 First year of Cormac, son of Art, son of Conn of the Hundred Battles, as king over Ireland
AD 358 First year of Eochaidh Muigmheadhion in sovereignty over Ireland
AD 379 First year of Niall of the Nine Hostages in sovereignty over Ireland
AD 428 (445 by some sources) Daithi, Son of Fiachra Foltsnathach ('of the flowing hair'), killed by lightning in the Alps. He had been 23 years in the sovereignty of Ireland.
AD 432 Partick came to Ireland in this year
AD 449 Amhalghaidh, son of Fiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhion, died. From him Tir-Amhalghaidh is named.
AD 459 The first year of Oiloill Molt, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, in the sovereignty of Ireland
AD 478 Oiloill Molt killed in the battle of Ocha after twenty years in the sovereignty in Ireland. [JPS Note: Some sources give the date of the battle of Ocha as being AD 483]
AD 531 The battle of Claenloch, in Cinel-Aedh, by Goibhneann, chief of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, where Maine, son of Cearbhall, was killed, in defending the hostages of Ui-Maine of Connaught.
AD 537 (547 According to the Annals of the Four Masters) Eoghan Bel, King of Connaught and grandson of Oiloill Molt, died after the Battle of Sligeach.
AD 645 (648 in the Annals of Ulster) Raghallach, son of Uatach, King of Connaught, was killed by Maelbrighde son of Mothlachan.
"Raghallach, son of Uatach, was pierced on the back of a white steed
Muireann hath well lamented him, Cathal hath well avenged him"
AD 662 Guaire Aidhne, King of Connaught, died
AD 684 The sea between Ireland and Scotland was frozen in this year, and there was 'a mortality upon all animals in general, throughout the whole world, for the space of three years, so that there escaped not one out of the thousand of any kind of animals. Aroudn this time (690?) the 'wolf was heard speaking with human voice, which was horrific to all'
AD Fearghal Aidne, King of Connaught son (grandson?) of Guaire Aidhne, died
AD 717 A battle was fought between the Connaughtmen and the Corca-Baiscinn (a territory forming the south west part of Clare)
AD 767 (771 in the Annals of Ulster) "terrific and horrible signs appeared at the time, which were like unto the signs of the day of judgement, namely, great thunder and lightning"
AD 777 The Ui-Fiachrach slaughter the Calraige
AD 779 The battle of Carn-Conaill (in Kiltartan), in Aidhne, by Tibraide, son of Tadhg, King of Connaught, and the Ui-Fiachrach were defeated. AD 782 The slaughter of the Ui-Briuin-Umhail by the Ui-Fiachrach-Muirisce (Tireragh), and many of them were slain, together with their chief, Flathghal, son of Flannabhrath.
AD 785 The Ui Fiachrach defeated by the Ui Briuin at Battle of the Moy
AD 787 The Ui Fiachrach slaughtered the Ui Briuin of Umall and killed the nobles with their king.
AD 804 Fire came from heaven, by which persons were killed in Dearthach-Aedhain

AD 807 The Vikings burn Inishmurray
Ad 835 The Danes this year "harried and spolyed" all of Connaught. An abundance of nutts and acorns this year. AD 836 "A navy of three score ships of the Northmans upon Boinn, another of three score upon Lifi" . A victory was gained b\over the Munster-men by Cathal, son of Muirghius. Cathal, son of Muirghius, son of Tomaltach, King of Connaught, died soon after.

AD 848 Maelan, son of Cathmogha, lord of Ui-Briuin of South Connaught, was slain by the foreigners.
AD 861 The plundering of Connaught by the king, Aedh Finnliath, with the youths of the North
AD 871 Uathmharan, son of Brocan, lord of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, died.
AD 879 Conchobar, son of Tadhg (and this was Tadhg Mor, son of Muirgheas), King of the three divisions of Connaught, died, after a good life.
AD 887 A slaughter was made of the foreigners by the Ui-Amhalghaidh. A mermaid was cast ashore by the sea in the country of Alba. One hundred and ninety five feet was her length...she was whiter than the swan all over.
AD 899 Joseph of Loch Con, abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. He was of the sept of the northern Hy-Fiachrach. AD 902 An army of the men of Munster was led...against the Ui-Neill of the South, and against the Connaughtmen; and they carried away the hostages of Connaught in their great fleets on the Shannon.
AD 904 Joseph of Loch Conn of Ui Fiachrach, Abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. AD 909 "a slaughter was made of the Connaughtmen" Ad 928 A slaughter was made of the foreigners who were on Loch Oirbsen by the Connaughtmen.
AD 954 Tadhg of the Three Towers, son of Cathal, King of Connaught, died.
AD 987 The men of Munster came in hosts upon Loch Ribh, and the foreigners of Port-Lairge. The Connaughtmen assembled to oppose them, and a battle was fought between them. A great number of the Munster-men and the foriegners were slaughtered by the Connaughtmen. Among the slain was Dunlaing, son of Dubhdabhoireann, royal heir of Munster, and many others along with him. Muirgheas, son of Conchobar, royal heir of Connaught, was slain by them in the heat of the conflict.
AD 999 Ceallach Ua Maelcorghais, chief poet of Connaught, died.
AD 999 The first turning of Brian and the Connaughtmen against Maelseachlann
AD 1003 (?) Brian, son of Maelruanaidh, lord of West Connaught, was slain by his own people. A battle between Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh with the with the Ui-Maine, and the men of West Meath assisting the Ui-Maine [on the one side], and the Ui-Fiachrach Aidhne aided by West Connaught [on the other], wherein fell Gillaceallaigh, son of Comhaltan Ua Cleirigh, lord of Ui-Fiachrach Ad 1005 Maelruanaidh, son of Aedh Ua Dubhda, lord of Ui-Fiachrach-Muirisge, and his son, ie Maelseachlainn, and his brother, ie Gebhennach, son of Aedh, died. A great prey was made of by Flaithbheartach, son of Muircheatach, lord of Aileach, in Conaille-Muirtheimhne; but Maelseachlainn, King of Teamhair [Tara] overtook him and his party, and they lost two hundred men by killing and capturing, together with the lord of Ui-Fiachrach Arda-sratha.
AD 1008 Dubhchobhlaigh, daughter of the King of Connaught, and wife of Brian, son of Ceinneidigh, died. Tadhg Dubhshuileach, son of the King of Connaught, was slain by the Conmaicni.
AD 1009 Cathal, son of Conchobhar, King of Connaught, died after penance; he was the grandson of Tadhg of the Tower.
AD 1043 Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, lord of West Connaught, died on their pilgrimage at Ard-Macha.
AD 1044 Ua h-Aedha, lord of Ui-Fiachrach-Arda-Sratha, was slain by the son of Aralt, by whom also the shrine of Patrick was burned. AD 1054 [Note JPS - The year of the Crab Nebula Supernova]
AD 1054 A steeple of fire was seen in the air over Ros-Deala, on the Sunday of the festival of George, for the space of five hours; innumerable black birds passing into and out of it, and one large bird in the middle of them,,, A predatory excursion was made by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught, into Corca-Bhaiscinn and Tradraighe, where he seized innumerable spoils...Toirdhealbhach O'Briain, accompanied by the Connaughtmen, went into Thomond, where we committed great depredations, and slew Aedh, son of Ceinneidigh, and plundered Tuaim-Finnlocha.
AD 1096 Muircheartach O'Dubhda, King of North Connaught, was killed by his own people.
AD 1153 Brian O'Dubhda, King of North Connaught, slain at battle of Fardum
Ad 1154 Cosnamhach O'Dubhda, Admiral of the Connacht fleet, defeated a Scottish fleet at sea
AD 1213 Donogh More O'Dubhda hired a fleet of 56 ships at the Hebrides, sailed into Clew Bay, landed on Inis Raithin, and compelled Charles the Redhanded O'Conor, King of Connaught, to give up to him his territory free of tribute.
AD 1242 Brian Dearg became chief of Hy-Fiachrach, a powerful chieftain, but at constant strife with the o'Conors. He was slain in 1248. AD 1244 The parson of Tireragh and Tirawley was killed by the son of Donnchadh O'Dubhda. 'A deed strange to his family, for none of the O'Dubhdas had ever before that time killed an ecclesiastic'
AD 1266 Many castles were burned in Tireragh, with all their corn
AD 1282 Taichleach O'Dubhda, King of Tireragh, was slain by Adam Cusack
AD 1291 Conchobhar O'Dubhda, King of Tireragh, drowned in the Shannon
AD 1316 O'Conors wiped out by the English at the Battle of Athenry.
AD 1344 William O'Dubhda elected Bishop of Killala

AD 1354 Brian O'Dubhda, King and Taoiseach of Tireragh, died after a reign of more than 60 years.

AD 1354 Donnell the Cleric, son of Old Brian O'Dubhda, succeeded his father. Tireragh was the last remaining O'Dubhda territory at this time, though, they also laid claim to Tirawley. But in 1371 he drove the English out of his territory and took possession of the castles of Ardnarea and Castleconor. Some sources indicate that it was about this time that the line of Duddy became distinct.

AD 1381 Brian O'Dubhda elected Bishop of Killala
AD 1402 Maghnus O'Dubhda elected Bishop of Killala, but died that same year.
AD 1417-1432Teige Reagh was chief of Tireragh. In his time the abbey of Ardnarea was founded for monks of the order of St. Augustine.
AD 1452 Aodh O'Dubhda filed an affidavit in Dublin listing lands he claimed
Mid 15th Century: There was a civil war between two branches of O'Dubhda in Tireragh
AD 1454 Tadhg O'Dubhda founded the Augustinian Abbey of Scurmore
AD 1461 Maghnus O'Dubhda's son murdered Brian O'Connell, Bishop of Killala
AD 1532 The sons of Teige Boy O'Dubhda take the castle of Ardnarea from the Burkes, which causes a great dissension, but in 1533 the Burkes got possession of Ardnarea and the O'Dowds never recovered it.
AD 1574 The O'Dubhda coat of arms (O'Dowde) recorded by the Chief Herald of Dublin Castle.
AD 1579 John O'Duada was an Irish Franciscan martyr in this year
AD 1585 The Composition of Connacht signed by the Taoiseach Eamon O'Dubhda
AD 1585 Number of towlands owned by O'Dubhda family: 154 with 5 other major landowners
AD 1601 Tadhg Bui O'Dubhda led his army to join Red Hugh at Ballymote castle. Battle of Kinsale.
AD 1616 O'Dubhda land titles renewed under composition by surrender and regrant from the King
AD 1627 Francis Dowd elected Sheriff of Dublin and Master of City Works AD 1635 O'Dowda and O'Dowd land titles recorded in the Strafford Inquisition
AD 1641 Number of townlands owned by O'Dubhda family: 42 with approximately 18 other major landowners
AD 1642 Charles and Patrick O'Dowd of Ballycottle raid Moyne and capture Enniscrone Castle
AD 1652 Lieutenant-Colonel Tadhg O'Dowd surrendered to Cromwellian forces at Ballymote Castle
AD 1656 David Dowda given a small estate in the parish of Kilgarvan. This David had several sons including 1) David, who was more than 7ft tall, an officer in the service of King James II, and was slain at the Battle of the Boyne 2) James, also an officer in the army of King James II. He survived the Boyne, fought at Athlone and also the battle of Aughrim, where he died.3) Teige, who was an officer in the service of the King of France. He died of a fever, and had no children. 4) Dominic O'Dowda, who continued the line. AD 1666 Compilation of "Genealogies, Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach" by MacFirbis
AD 1671 Duald MacFirbis, last of the Irish bardic scholars, dies.
AD 1798 Captain James O'Dowda was implicated in the uprising and executed at Killala.
AD 1844 The "Genealogies, Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach" translated and published by John O'Donovan for the Irish Archaeological Society.
AD 1840's The Great Famine of Ireland
AD 1990 The first O'Dubhda Clan Association Oireachtas, (Gathering) was held.
AD 1999 Duddy family gathering is planned for this time
AD 2000 An O'Dubhda Oireachtas is planned for this time

 

From Mac Firbus's Genealogies, Tribes And Customs Of Hy Fiachrach

are listed genealogies of two names that became Moran. We are descendants of the latter, Muiren.

 

From Ailghile, son of Eochaidh Breac, are descended Muinter Ailgheanain, or Ailghile, and of whom was the celebrated prophet Cutemen151 Mac Ailghile.

From Cuboirne, the fifth son of Eochaidh, are descended Muinter Mochain152, of Cill Athracht153, i. e. the keepers of the Cross of St. Athracht.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p.43

Pedigree of O'Mochain
{column 1}
Gregory, Archbishop of Tuam154,
son of Simon,
son of Nicholas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Muircheartach,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Finn,
son of Meanman,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Aitheasach,
son of Muircheartach,
son of Murchadh,
{column 2}
son of Mochan, a quo the O'Mochains,
son of Aongus,
son of Treasach,
son of Tighearnach,
son of Tadhg,
son of Ailgheanach,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Flann,
son of Cathal,
son of Cuboirne,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi, King of Ireland.

Others say that the Cuboirne from whom the O'Mochains are descended, was son to Eoghan Aidhne, the son of Eochaidh Breac; and this is true.

The descendants of Laoghaire, son of Eochaidh Breac, are the Muinter Muiren, of Gleann Maoilduin, at the Eidhneach155, and another family called Muinter Muiren, in Umhall156, and they are both the same family with respect to their descent, viz.:


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p.45

{column 1}
Maolduin,
son of Muiren, a quo Ui Muiren in Umhal,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
and Maolbrighde,
son of Muiren,
{column 2}
son of Maolduin, from whom is called Gleann Maoilduin,
son of Criomhthann,
son of Dioma,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire,
son of Eochaidh Breac.

{column 1}
Cuimin,
son of Dioma,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire, &c.

 

 

 

ANCIENT GENEALOGY

Now that you have absorbed the Scythian, Greek, Spanish connections to Irish history and then some of Ireland's ancient history, you are ready to be referred to the work of some genealogists who have traced our history back to earlier than 1700 B. C. based on ancient documents and artifacts some of which include the transcriptions of oral histories that were preserved through the centuries from one generation to another until finally transcribed.

Follow this link to the ancient genealogy >

CARROWKEEL TODAY

On a side note, a Dutch family has contacted the website to let us know they have purchased property in Carrowkeel for their retirement. The property, it turns out, is part of the original Moran holdings. Edmond and Aine van Estrik, teachers in secondary education in the Netherlands, spent several summers in Carrowkeel and fell in love with it. A few years ago they bought the property from Josephine (Moran) Leonard, sister of Paddy Moran. The property adjoins Paddy's. The van Estrik's went to Carrowkeel in July 1999 and took pictures of Carrowkeel. Follow the link to see the pictures. Remember they take a while to download. We look forward to more as they build their home there.

Pictures of Carrowkeel

 

Go to next section, Chapter II The Morans of Carrowkeel

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